Skippered by William Wadley Cranfield & Lemon Cranfield with crew from the Colne
Lord Dunraven’s first attempt at building a challenger for the America’s Cup was the 70 ft., 94-ton, cutter Valkyrie. Built in 1889 by J. G. Fay of Southampton and designed by G. L. Watson she was skippered by Tom Diaper but the Americans declined to meet her with a vessel of her own length and she never crossed the Atlantic. In her first three seasons she raced all round the coast and proved very successful. However, she was often second best to the Rowhedge crew of Mr. Ralli’s 85ft. cutter Yarana. Impressed by Yarana’s 78 prizes valued at $16,850 during that period Lord Dunraven engaged her captain William Cranfield and his crew for the Valkyrie.
The 1891 racing season was an excellent one for Valkyrie. Out of twenty eight starts she won eleven first prizes, including the Queen’s Cup, the Albert Cup, the Town Cup at the Royal Yacht Squadron Regatta (with Prince Henry of Prussia on board), and four seconds. She added even more to this tally of prizes before going to Wivenhoe to lay up for the winter.
In January of 1892 Lord Dunraven entered Valkyrie in the Mediterranean regattas and after re-fitting at Wivenhoe she left for Gibraltar and the south of France. In March of that year she won international races at Nice, Mentone, Monaco, and Monte Carlo, and was considered unbeatable.
Despite her successes Lord Dunraven had other plans and while on this trip sold Valkyrie to Archduke Karl Stephan, of Austria, at Pola. With the help of Prince Batthyany-Strattmann the crew were able to make their way home to England.
Valkyrie was subsequently sold to Mr. Florio, an Italian nobleman, but did not fare well in the Continental regattas. Mr. Florio then engaged William Cranfield’s brother Lemon and a crew of Rowhedgers for the 1894 Mediterranean regatta season and Valkyrie competed at Monaco, Monte Carlo, Nice, Cannes etc, but against the much larger and up-to-date Britannia she was outclassed. Valkyrie made the news in May 1894 when it was reported that she had been lost with all hands off the coast of Africa. The story proved to be untrue but Lord Dunraven, in his memoirs, admitted that even he did not know what became of her.
VALKYRIE I - 1891 & 1892 - Skippered by William Wadley Cranfield of Rowhedge, with a mostly Colneside crew.
THE OBSERVER – Monday 2 March 1891 - “YACHTING – Captain Cranfield, late skipper of the Yarana, has been appointed master of the Valkyrie, belonging to Earl Dunraven. This is looked upon as an intention on the part of the Earl to fit out, though no order respecting her has yet been given.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 5 April 1891 - “YACHTING – Southampton, Saturday – Lord Dunraven’s cutter Valkyrie will shortly receive her new copper and get under way. She will be steered by Cranfield, who last year was skipper of Mr. P.A. Ralli’s racer, Yarana, which will not leave her winter berth this year.”
THE HAMPSHIRE ADVERTISER - 11 April 1891 - “SOUTHAMPTON YACHTING NEWS - SALE OF THISTLE AND YARANA... The Solent regattas (says The Field) will not only be unusually numerous this year, but will eventuate with great éclat if all the schemes of committeemen are conducted to a successful issue... Yarana is in the sale list, but the “unexpected,” might happen in her case, just as it did in Thistle’s, and she may yet bear this season the fighting flag of another owner... The “unexpected” referred to by The Field has come to pass, as the Yarana has been sold to a gentleman well-known at Southampton, and who is a thorough yachtsman, viz., Mr. M. B. Kennedy, owner of the Maid Marion, yawl. Captain James Thompson, of this port, who has sailed the Maid Marion, and a crew left Southampton on Thursday morning for Rowhedge to take charge of the Yarana, and bring her to Southampton, where she will be fitted out for the Thames matches... W. Cranfield and a crew arrived at the yard [Fay and Co., at Northam] on Monday last to take charge of the Valkyrie, cutter, Earl Dunraven, and fit her out for the next season’s racing.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 19 April 1891 - “YACHTING – Lord Dunraven’s racer Valkyrie, has been caulked and is getting her copper on, and will probably be launched with Iverna. She is having a good fit, and will be sailed by last year’s crew of the Yarana.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 25 April 1891 - “Valkyrie will have the crew which sailed Yarana last year. Yarana will now rejoice in the name of Maid Marian.”
Also - “Mr. Myles Kennedy, who recently purchased Yarana from Mr. P. A. Ralli, intends altering her name to Maid Marian, and will race her under his old flag - black with a white M in centre... Valkyrie is being got ready for the matches on the Thames as quickly as possible, and as William Cranfield, who is now in charge, has got his old crew from Yarana shipped, she will probably give a good account of herself this summer.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 26 April 1891 - “YACHTING – Southampton, Saturday – ....whilst from Fay’s yard on the following day [Tuesday 28 April] the Earl of Dunraven’s celebrated Valkyrie will be launched from her winter quarters.”
THE TIMES – Monday 27 April 1891 - “YACHTING – The Valkyrie, cutter, Lord Dunraven, will be put afloat to-morrow, and also fit out for the racing season.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 2 May 1891 - “Valkyrie, Lord Dunraven’s crack yacht, was launched from Fay’s, Northam, on Tuesday... A report has got abroad that Valkyrie will make her bow in American waters to try conclusions with the 70-footers. This is probably what they call in Ireland all “bla-flum.”
It was also noted that Yarana had wintered at Rowhedge.
THE TIMES – Wednesday 20 May 1891 - “YACHTING – THE COMING YACHT RACING SEASON… Lord Dunraven has had no expense spared in giving the Valkyrie a perfect racing outfit, and has engaged William Cranfield, who so successfully sailed the Yarana, for skipper. The Valkyrie has been re-coppered, given new standing and running rigging and a new suit of sails, and she is sure to sail in better form than last season. The Yarana, which has been renamed Maid Marion, commenced the season brilliantly, last year, but was completely outsailed by the Valkyrie before the close.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 23 May 1891 - “The Valkyrie, Earl of Dunraven, sailed for Southampton on Friday, the 15th inst.... The Earl of Dunraven, who is commodore of the Castle [Yacht Club], also steered his own boat [5-rater Alwida], and his racing cutter, Valkyrie, was at anchor off the Calshot promontory all day.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 30 May 1891 - “COWES - The Valkyrie, cutter, Earl of Dunraven, arrived here from Southampton on Wednesday and remains.”
VALKYRIE I – 1891 season, from THE TIMES, THE OBSERVER, THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN & THE YACHTSMAN
THE YACHTSMAN - 6 June 1891 - “NEW THAMES YACHT CLUB MATCH - Monday, June 1st. With the “cold wave” gone on leave of absence and a bright sun shining, things turned out well for the New Thames. A truly glorious first of June inaugurated the opening of the big yacht-racing season. During the whole day the sun shone with unwonted vigour in a cloudless sky, its heat being mitigated by a strong and steady breeze from E.N.E.; but, all the same, when once the Mouse was rounded, and spinnakers set, the shade proved very grateful to the burning face of many an amateur. Down Sea Reach the eight competitors made a grand marine picture, cross-tacking in bright sunshine and spanking breeze.... Valkyrie, moreover, had undergone extensive alterations, and was said to have been greatly improved. These expectations were fully realised for despite the brisk wind, her victory over Iverna was never in doubt for a moment.... Match open to yachts of any rig exceeding 9-rating. First prize, £50; second prize, £25; third prize, £15; fourth prize, £10. If the first prize is won by a yacht of over 40-rating, the second prize will be given to the first yacht of 40-rating and under saving her time. Course from the Lower Hope, round the Mouse Lightship, and back to Gravesend. Time allowance for a 50-mile course. Starters:- Iverna, cutter, 117 tons, Mr. J. Jameson; Valkyrie, cutter, 78 tons, Earl of Dunraven; Blue Rock, cutter, 67 tons, Mr. J. Sutcliffe; Columbine, yawl, 61 tons, Mr. W. B. Paget; Maid Marion, cutter, 62 tons, Mr. M. B. Kennedy; Reverie, cutter, 40 tons, Mr. A. D. Clarke; Creole, cutter, 40 tons, Col. V. Bagot; White Slave, cutter, 40 tons, Mr. F. W. L. Popham.
The time allowances were:- Iverna allows Valkyrie 9min. 46sec.; Blue Rock 13min. 43 sec,; Maid Marion 15min. 45sec.; Columbine 22min. 35sec.; and White Slave, Reverie and Creole 27min. 44sec.
Save for the first hour or so the race itself was uninteresting, though exceedingly pretty as a spectacle. It was a dead beat to windward the whole way down to the lightship, and the yachts soon settled down into places, which they maintained with little alteration to the end of the race. Blue Rock led over the line (the gun, by the way, was fired ten seconds too soon), then Valkyrie and Creole to windward, the others a few seconds astern together, Iverna being, for a wonder, absolutely last. All carried working topsails, the pole-masted White Slave having one like a barge’s, which fitted so badly that it seemed to be hoisted tack upwards, nor was her mainsail a great success.
At the Lower Hope Blue Rock still held the lead, with Reverie sailing wonderfully in second place, closely followed by Valkyrie. All went on starboard cast for the Essex side, and Maid Marion drew up somewhat in going through the Hope. Iverna broke tacks, and the others followed suit. In the short cross-tacking Iverna, of course, was at a disadvantage, but she had one or two shies at Reverie, which was here a thorn in her side. Reverie’s opportunity soon came, and she left Iverna behind her.... Valkyrie had all her work cut out to pass Blue Rock, and the latter held her place a long time. Reverie, Iverna, and Maid Marion were now in close company, doing a little wind-jamming, with Blue Rock and Valkyrie indulging in the same pastime. At last Valkyrie took the lead from Blue Rock, and Iverna headed Reverie, only to be once again weathered by that remarkable craft. Maid Marion, however, was very cleverly piloted, and after a long cast on starboard she came round, and when she met the fleet again, she was in third place. Off Southend Valkyrie and Iverna began to draw away from the rest very quickly. Blue Rock, after infinite trouble, got past Reverie. Maid Marion went into third place in the more open water and drew away. Valkyrie and Iverna stood on port tack into Southend, and heaving round made a long leg off on starboard. After a few short tacks to the West Bay Buoy, they fetched the Mouse in a long close haul, Iverna closing up rapidly. Rounding the lightship they were timed as follows:- Valkyrie 2.37.15; Iverna 2.39.32; Maid Marion 2.54.12; Blue Rock 2.55.34; Reverie 2.56.42; Creole 3.0.40; Columbine 3.3.25.
Spinnakers were requisitioned now, and the two leaders were very smart in setting them. The wind began to fail, but Iverna ran past Valkyrie, and the finish off Rosherville was timed:- Iverna (third prize) 4.51.47; Valkyrie (winner by time) 4.55.9; Maid Marion 5.13.36; Blue Rock 5.16.40; Reverie (second prize) 5.19.47; Creole (fourth prize) 5.24.38; Columbine 5.28.8.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 6 June 1891 - “ROYAL THAMES YACHT CLUB - Tuesday, June 2nd. 1st Class Match for yachts exceeding a rating of 40. First prize, £80; second prize, £40, if three vessels start. Course from the Lower Hope, round the Mouse Lightship, and return to Gravesend. Entries and time allowance for 50 miles:- Iverna, 110 tons, cutter, John Jameson, Esq.; Valkyrie, 78 tons, cutter, Rt. Hon. Lord Dunraven, allowance 9m. 57s; Blue Rock, 68 tons, cutter, J. Sutcliffe, Esq., 13m. 31s; Maid Marion, 62 tons, M. B. Kennedy, Esq., 15m. 57s.
A fine day at first, but hazy, with light westerly airs which strengthened and grew more definite during the run down river. In the first match Blue Rock did not start.... Valkyrie was again first over the line, and Iverna again last. As soon as they were clear of Lower Hope all three yachts set their spinnakers to port, Iverna drawing up abreast of Maid Marion at the West Blyth Buoy, Valkyrie maintaining her advantage of about half-a-cable’s length. The shifting winds necessitated two jibes off the Chaplin Light and again at the Nore. Off the Chaplin Valkyrie lost ground by not setting her spinnaker on the other side as smartly as did the other two boats, but abreast of the Nore the breeze freshened considerably, the spread of canvas told, and the yachts, which hitherto were close together, rapidly tailed out in order of magnitude, the jack-yarders of the bigger boats catching the wind far better than Maid Marion’s gaff-top-sail. The order round the Mouse was Iverna, Valkyrie, Maid Marion.
Then commenced a dead beat of short boards to windward. Valkyrie did not give the Blacktail Spit a sufficiently wide berth, and had the bad luck to “pile up,” remaining ashore for some twelve minutes, during which Maid Marion assumed a long lead of her. Shortly afterwards the wind fell rather lighter, and rain began to fall. The wind freeing slightly, the yachts were just able to hold their course on the port tack, maintaining their positions unchanged for some two hours. In the same order, but with gradually lessening intervals, they crawled slowly home in heavy rain on the top of the tide, a ding-dong race ending thus:-
Iverna, 7h.9m.30s; Maid Marion, 7h.11m.33s; Valkyrie, 7h.15m.55s.
Maid Marion won first prize, and Valkyrie the second; but for the latter’s accident these positions might possibly have been reversed.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 13 June 1891 - “ROYAL LONDON YACHT CLUB - WEDNESDAY, June 3. Match open to yachts exceeding 19-rating. First prize, £60; second prize, £30 (if four or more yachts start). If the first prize be won by a yacht exceeding 40-rating, the second prize to be given to the second yacht not exceeding 40-rating saving her time, or vice versa. Course, from the Lower Hope round the Mouse Lightship, and back to Gravesend. Time allowance for 50 miles. A threatening morning gradually gave place to a fairly fine day, and gave the yachts an unexpectedly favourable opportunity for drying the sails that had been drenched on the previous evening. The wind throughout the day was easterly, with a little south in it at times, and of varying strength. An exceedingly interesting and very close race was somewhat marred by one or two contretemps. Blue Rock, who had sailed a consistently good race, and when possessing a fair chance of saving her time, “piled up” as she rounded the point above Lower Hope, and when almost in sight of the finish. We seldom remember a worsely managed start. The yachts were hanging about well above the starting line, there being little or no wind and a strong ebb, when the Club steamer suddenly appeared out of the haze with the red flag (denoting15 minutes to start) flying. No one could tell how long it had been hoisted, and everyone was surprised to see it hauled down, and the 5-min. gun fired almost immediately after the steamer had taken up its position.
The following were the entries:- Iverna; Valkyrie [time allowed by Iverna] 9m.57s.; Blue Rock 13m.30s.; Maid Marion 15m.56s.; Columbine 22m.47s.; Creole, Reverie, Thalia, White Slave 27m.55s.
Thalia was an absentee. When the gun went Valkyrie, Blue Rock and Iverna were fortunately near enough to make a fairly good start, then came Reverie, some three minutes later Creole, and fully five minutes astern were Columbine, White Slave, and Maid Marion, in the order named.
The wind being very light at first, every boat carried small jib-topsails, big working foresails and big topsails. The three leaders almost immediately after the start obtained a favourable puff, which they held for some time until they had left the rest far astern. It was a dead beat to windward, as on Monday, but with longer boards on the starboard tack. Maid Marion slowly picked her way through the smaller boats, soon leaving White Slave and Columbine astern, passing the forties at the Nore and half-way between the two lightships, getting a favourable slant, which enabled her to get within distance of the leaders.
Valkyrie meanwhile led Iverna, the latter heading Blue Rock. Reverie and Creole had a pretty race of their own, with White Slave as whipper-in. Creole got past Reverie. They rounded the Mouse as follows:-
Valkyrie 2h.34m.45s; Iverna 2h.36m.43s; Blue Rock 2h.40m.2s; Maid Marion 2h.43m35s; Creole 2h.46m.18s; Reverie 2h.47m.38s; Columbine 2h.50m.53s; White Slave 2h.53m.10s.
There was no gun-fire at the turning point, an economy that the skippers much regretted, as the positions were very interesting. The start for home was made with spinnakers out to port, and so they were carried all the way, except that they had to be lowered for the few minutes occupied in reaching up the Lower Hope. Jib topsails, which had been up and down throughout the beat down, now became a fixture. The four large yachts rapidly increased their distance from the smaller fry.... Iverna passed Valkyrie abreast of Southend Pier, and the wind falling light again enabled Maid Marion to pick up a lot more of the ground which she had lost at the start. Passing the starting post it seemed as though the race was a certainty for Blue Rock or Maid Marion. But no race is won four miles from the finish. Blue Rock, as stated, took the ground, and her chance vanished; almost immediately afterwards the breeze fell right away, and Maid Marion found herself scarcely able to run past the numerous barges. As it was she was narrowly defeated and not disgraced. Scarcely was she past the post when it was noticed that the rearguard had gained tremendously; they were bringing up a brisk breeze with them, and instead of being quite out of the race, as everyone had opined, Reverie, with Creole no great distance astern, both managed to save their time off Valkyrie. The official timing at the finish was:- Iverna 5h.51m.58s; Valkyrie 5h.56m.7s; Maid Marion 6h.2m.35s; Columbine 6h.10m.35s; Reverie 6h.12m.17s; Creole 6h.13m.8s.
The Reverie takes the first prize by time and the Valkyrie the second.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 13 June 1891 - “ROYAL THAMES YACHT CLUB - [on Saturday 6 June 1891] There are few matches during the season that are more popular with yachtsmen than the annual race of this Club from the Nore to Dover.... The matches on Saturday were no exception to the rule, and better sport could scarcely have been seen. With a fresh easterly wind the merits of the various yachts were fairly tested and the best vessels took the prizes.... The wind was bitterly cold all day.... The first race was for yachts of any rig. First prize, £100; second, a silver-gilt jug and four goblets... third prize, £20. Starters:- Iverna, Valkyrie, Maid Marion, White Slave, Reverie, Creole, Thalia, Ghost, [cutter, 20 rating, L. M. Ames], Lethe.
Course, from the Nore to Dover, keeping outside the Goodwin Sands.
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 7 June 1891 - “YACHTING – THE ROYAL THAMES YACHT CLUB – The result of the yacht race which took place yesterday from the Nore to Dover, for yachts of 15 rating and upwards, was as follows: Iverna, first, 4h.0min.39sec.; Valkyrie, second, 4h.16min.4sec.; Thalia, third, 4h.36min.36sec.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 13 June 1891 - “ROYAL CINQUE PORTS YACHT CLUB. FIRST DAY, Monday 8 June 1891 - The race from the Thames on Saturday brought a fleet of some 40 yachts to Dover, so that the docks were pretty well filled. Sunday at Dover during the regatta is always a kind of show day, but unfortunately the cold east wind increased both in strength and keenness, making it more like the depth of winter than the height of summer, so that the usual parade through the docks was practically abandoned. After heavy rain during the night Monday brought an improvement, as although there was still plenty of wind it was warmer, and with the sun shining and not much sea the day was pleasant enough for racing. There were ten yachts entered for the Queen’s Cup, but only four sported racing flags - Maid Marion (late Yarana) not having got some damage, done on Saturday, repaired, and the 40-raters not caring to compete in a fresh breeze with the larger vessels. Although this was much to be regretted, seeing that the prize was the gift of Her Majesty, it was, perhaps, excusable enough.... Few though the starters were for the Queen’s Cup, a better or more interesting race has seldom been seen.... The wind made the course all in favour of the cutter, there being a long thrash to windward from the Varne Buoy to the South Sands Head and a dead run back to Dover.... As for Valkyrie and Blue Rock, they were quite overpowered by the two larger vessels, and never had a chance.... Match for yachts of any rig, exceeding 20-rating, belonging to a recognised yacht club. First Prize, Her Majesty’s Cup, value £105; second prize, £30. Entries:- Iverna, Valkyrie, Blue Rock, Maid Marion, Creole, Thalia, Reverie, White Slave, Lethe, Columbine. Twice round the Dover course. Distance 44 miles. Y.R.A. rules and allowances.
The start was made at 11 o’clock, Valkyrie, timing herself to a second, leading over the line as the gun fired, followed by Iverna and Lethe, Blue Rock bringing up the rear about half a minute astern.... It was a broad reach (nearly free enough for spinnakers) out to the Varne, and Iverna going wide through Valkyrie’s lee took the lead, and tacking round the buoy about a minute and a half ahead of her and two minutes and a half ahead of Lethe. It was now a turn to windward, all making a long board towards the Foreland on starboard tack. Lethe forereaching very fast, although, of course, not holding so good a wind as the cutters, crossed Valkyrie, when they met, and was gaining slightly on Iverna. One tack off shore on port tack enabled them to come about and weather the South Sands Head Lightship, where Iverna led Lethe by 2m. 20secs., Valkyrie by 4m. 35s. and Blue Rock by 9m. 50s. It was now a dead run to Dover, spinnakers being boomed out to starboard, and as they gybed at the end of the first round they were timed:- Iverna 1h.17m.18s; Lethe 1h.19m.54s; Valkyrie 1h.25m.37s; Blue Rock 1h.31m.59s.
Again it was a broad reach out to the Varne Buoy, no change of position taking place, and as they stayed round the buoy the timing was:- Iverna 1h.55m.0s; Lethe 1h.58m.5s; Valkyrie 2h.6m.15s; Blue Rock was not timed. Turning to windward was only a repetition of the first round, but Lethe... lost a good deal of valuable time... whilst Valkyrie was 15 minutes astern of Iverna. Again it was a run with spinnakers to starboard, Iverna tearing a hole in hers, which, however, lost her little or no time, and a very fine race finished- Iverna (second prize) 3h.29m.36s; Lethe (first prize) 3h.33m.14s; Valkyrie 3h.47m.52; Blue Rock 4h.2m.44s.
A telegram received by the Club on Tuesday evening from the Secretary of the Y.R.A. stated that Lethe by her new certificate is 123.4-rating, which, reduced for rig allowance, makes her sailing rating 99. Lethe, therefore, saved her time from Iverna with four seconds to spare. Iverna takes second prize. At the finish of the race a man was knocked overboard from Blue Rock by the jib, but he was picked up again very smartly none the worse for the accident.”
THE TIMES - ROYAL CINQUE PORTS YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Tuesday 9 June 1891 – Bad weather and matches postponed until following day.
THE TIMES - ROYAL CINQUE PORTS YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Wednesday 10 June 1891 – “For the other match the first gun was fired at noon, Valkyrie’s skipper showed great judgement in reckoning distance…”. Due to light air and tide the match could not be completed before daybreak on Thursday.
THE TIMES - ROYAL CINQUE PORTS YACHT CLUB REGATTA on 10/11 June 1891 – Dover to Boulogne and back:- 1.Iverna 2.Thalia 3.Valkyrie. Another race, also on Thursday 11th:- 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Maid Marion.
THE YACHTSMAN - 13 June 1891 - “NEW THAMES YACHT CLUB - MATCH, SATURDAY, 13th June, 1891. [Match to Harwich] For yachts of any rig exceeding 9-rating. The following are the entries:- First prize, £50. Second prize, £25, if four start. Third prize, £15, if six start. Fourth prize, £10, if seven start. Should the first prize be won by a yacht of over 40-rating, the second prize will be given to the first yacht of 40-rating or under saving her time, or vice-versa; the third prize will follow the first; and the fourth prize will follow the second.
Recall No. Name. Rig. Rating. Owner. Flag.
1. Creole, cutter, 40, Col. Villiers Bagot. White with Red Cross; 2. Reverie, cutter, 40, A. D. Clarke. Pale Blue with Swallow in centre; 3. White Slave, cutter, 40, F. W. L. Popham, Esq. Red, White, Green and Crest in centre; 4. Blue Rock, cutter, 68, J. Sutcliffe, Esq. Black, with Yellow St. Andrew’s Cross; 5. Valkyrie, cutter, 78, Rt. Hon. Ld. Dunraven. Yellow, with Blue Triangle; 6. Iverna, cutter, 118, John Jameson, Esq. Black, with Gold Star; 7. Maid Marion, cutter, 62, M. B. Kennedy, Esq. Black, with letter M in White; 8. Lethe, yawl, 124, S. C. Watson, Esq. Red, White and Blue diagonal; 9. Decima, cutter, 10, J. J. Greenshields, Esq. Two Green Shields on White Ground; 10 Genesta, yawl, -, C. R. Parker, Esq. Green and Pink, Horizontal; 11. Thalia, cutter, 40, J. A. Inglis, Esq. Blue, with White Star.
N.B. - These ratings are approximate only in some cases - the vessels have not all been measured.”
THE TIMES - NEW THAMES YACHT CLUB - Match on Saturday 13 June 1891 – The Thames to Harwich. 1.Iverna 2.Thalia 3.Maid Marion 4.Valkyrie.
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 14 June 1891 - “YACHTING – THE THAMES YACHT CLUB – The Channel race of this club for £110 in prizes took place yesterday from Southend to Harwich, by the usual ships’ track. The competitors were the Lethe, Iverna, Valkyrie, Thalia, Genesta, Maid Marion, Creole, Reverie, White Slave, and Decima. The gun was fired at 9.30. A fair wind was blowing from the N.W., alternating repeatedly during the day with calms, and trying the patience of both sailors and spectators. A tedious race ended thus:- Iverna, 6h.0min.3sec. (winner); Maid Marion, 6h.45min.17sec. (for third prize); Valkyrie 6h.45min.55sec.; Thalia, 9h.16min.8sec. (second prize); Creole, 9h.21min.23sec. (fourth prize). No others timed.”
THE TIMES - ROYAL HARWICH YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Monday 15 June 1891 – 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Maid Marion.
THE TIMES - ROYAL HARWICH YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Tuesday 16 June 1891 – 1.Iverna 2.Valkyrie 3.Maid Marion.
THE TIMES - ROYAL SOUTHERN YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Friday 19 June 1891 – 1.Iverna 2.Valkyrie 3.Maid Marion 4.Blue Rock.
THE TIMES - ROYAL SOUTHERN YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Saturday 20 June 1891 – The Queen’s Cup – 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Maid Marion.
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 21 June 1891 - “YACHTING – Southampton, Saturday - The Royal Southern Yacht Club secured a splendid entry for their match to-day for the 100gs cup given by the Queen, and sailed round the Isle of Wight; but the wind was variable and paltry, and the race was a dragging one. The following started at 10.30:- Iverna, Maid Marion, Reverie, Creole, Thalia, White Slave, Valkyrie, and Blue Rock, cutters, and Lethe, yawl. The Commodore gave a £50 cup as a second prize to the yacht of the class other than that in which the winner of the Royal trophy was included. The Valkyrie had the best of the start, and was followed by Blue Rock, Creole, Maid Marion, Thalia, Iverna, White Slave, Reverie, and Lethe in succession. The Iverna was third round the spit, and the Lethe overhauled the Thalia, Creole, and Reverie. They ran with a fair easterly wind to the westward, over a favourable tide, past Yarmouth, where the wind was westward. The Iverna rounded the Needles at 12.30 p.m., the Earl of Dunraven’s cutter being second, Maid Marion third, and Lethe and Blue Rock fourth and fifth respectively, the “forties” having been dropped in a cluster. It was a close haul to St. Katherine’s, the Iverna and Valkyrie having a fine race to themselves, and off Ventnor the latter weathered the leader, but the Iverna ultimately recovered the lead. The wind then lightened, and these two yachts made a late finish, the Valkyrie winning the cup, and the second being undecided.”
THE GUARDIAN – Manchester, Monday 22 June 1891 – Summary of news, domestic.
“At the Royal Southern Yacht Club regatta on Saturday the match for the 100-guinea cup given by the Queen, the course being round the Isle of Wight, was won by the Valkyrie.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 27 June 1891 - “Valkyrie’s improvement this year is one of the remarkable features of the racing, as yet. She has been re-arranged below, and her fittings, we presume, somewhat lightened. This and re-coppering would hardly account for the whole of the improvement in her speed. She must be a trifle better trimmed, and sailed, than heretofore.”
Also - “SOUTHAMPTON - The Royal Southern Regatta brought an immense fleet of yachts into Southampton Water, including all the crack racers, who were attracted from Harwich by the chance of winning a Queen’s Cup. The last royal cup given to this old Club was in 1870… Valkyrie takes the prize on this occasion and was a popular win, and she brought honour alike to her noble owner, to Cranfield, her skipper, to Watson, her designer, and Fay, her builder…. The regatta was very trying to anyone possessed of patience…. The wind - when there was any - was from all points of the compass on both days, and sometimes was from two or three quarters at one and the same time. The Earl of Dunraven not only won the Queen’s prize on Saturday, but also scored with Alwida off Windfall by a sheer bit of well-deserved luck almost “on the post” at the finish…. The Queen’s Cup race around the island commenced well, for all nine yachts went bouncing off like race-horses under a splendid north-east breeze, but they came home as crest-fallen as Bo-Peep’s sheep. Valkyrie and Iverna did not finish till the moon was well up, and the forties did not come home till the “witching hour.” The tedious finish will afford cock-crowing to those who objected to the round the Wight course, but then the thing might have been the other way about.”
THE TIMES - ROYAL NORTHERN YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Saturday 4 July 1891 – Valkyrie withdrawn from the first race.
THE TIMES - CLYDE CORINTHIAN REGATTA on Thursday 9 July 1891 – 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna.
THE TIMES - CLYDE CORINTHIAN REGATTA on Friday 10 July 1891 – 1.Iverna 2.Valkyrie 3.Maid Marion.
THE TIMES - ROYAL CLYDE YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Saturday 11 July 1891 – 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Maid Marion.
THE YACHTSMAN - 11 July 1891 - “NOTES AND NOTIONS - Valkyrie and Alwida have closed their respective careers for this season, owing to the melancholy bereavement which has befallen Lord Dunraven.”
Also - “Great sympathy is felt in local yachting circles, and especially by the members of the Castle Yacht Club of which he is commodore, at the affliction which has so unexpectedly befallen the Earl of Dunraven in the loss of his eldest daughter [Lady Florence Enid Wyndham-Quin, aged 21], who was present with her father at one or two of the club gatherings last year. It is to be hoped the sad event will not have the effect of withdrawing the earl’s vessels from racing, for the absence of Valkyrie and Alwida, the first-named especially, to say nothing of the sixty building at Gosport, and which it was rumoured was to make a bid for the Queen’s Cup against the Meteor at the R.Y.S. regatta, would take some of the heart out of the last of the racing season.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 18 July 1891 - “The report that the Earl of Dunraven intended to withdraw his yachts from racing for the present, in consequence of the death of his eldest daughter, proves to be incorrect, and this fact has given great satisfaction to the clubs on the Solent...”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 12 July 1891 - “YACHTING – ROYAL CLYDE REGATTA – The Royal Clyde Regatta was held yesterday at Hunter’s Quay. Iverna beat Valkyrie and Maid Marion.” No further details given.
THE TIMES - ROYAL CLYDE YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Monday 13 July 1891 – 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Maid Marion.
THE TIMES - ROYAL LARGS [YACHT] CLUB REGATTA on Wednesday 15 July 1891 – 1.Iverna 2.Valkyrie 3.Maid Marion.
THE YACHTSMAN - 23 July 1891 - “CLYDE - At the close of the Royal Largs regatta, which finished off the Clyde fortnight, a number of the boats hurried right off to do the Belfast Lough and Dublin Bay meetings, while a few of them, including the Iverna, Valkyrie, Thalia, &c., remained over the night, and, as on the evening preceding the regatta day, they came in for a great deal of admiration as they lay off the pier.... As showing the kindly feelings which exist between the yachtsmen of the different parts of the kingdom, it may be mentioned that the crew of the Iverna subscribed £4. 11s., and that of the Valkyrie £2. 5s., to the fund presently being raised in connection with the recent Largs boating disaster.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 23 July 1891 - “FROM THE MAN AT THE WHEEL - ... In the class over 40-rating it will be seen that Iverna has, as yet, the supremacy.... but what is really remarkable is the performance of Valkyrie against the big ship. Valkyrie is 40-rating less than the Iverna, but nevertheless she has this season shown herself a better vessel in all save very hard breezes. This is a revelation if we judge by Valkyrie’s performances previous to this year. It must be pointed out that owing to the death of Lord Dunraven’s daughter, Valkyrie missed a couple of races.”
PRINCIPAL WINNERS UP TILL JULY 15 INCLUSIVE
Starts. 1st. 2nd. 3rd. Prize money
Iverna 19. 9,5,1. £695
Valkyrie 17. 7,3,-. £505
Maid Marion 15. 1,-,1. £95
Thalia 17. 8,5,-. £385
Reverie 12. 6,3,-. £328
Creole 19. 2,4,1. £180
White Slave 16. 1,1,-. £35
Blue Rock 14. 5,1,-. £195
Lethe 6. 1,1,-. £125
Columbine 5. 2,-,-. £75
THE TIMES - ROYAL ULSTER YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Friday 17 July 1891 – Valkyrie beat Iverna.
THE TIMES - ROYAL ULSTER YACHT CLUB REGATTA on Saturday 18 July 1891 – 1.Iverna (winner). Valkyrie gave up.
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 19 July 1891 - “TO-DAY. The results of this season’s yacht racing, so far, show that Iverna, belonging to Mr. Jameson, has started in nineteen matches and has won fourteen prizes, eight firsts and six seconds; Valkyrie, belonging to Lord Dunraven, has started in seventeen matches, and has won eleven prizes, eight firsts and three seconds; and Maid Marion (nee Yarana), belonging to Mr. Kennedy, has started in fourteen matches and has won two prizes, one first and one third. Iverna and Valkyrie have competed in seventeen matches. In these encounters Iverna has taken seven prizes from Valkyrie, six firsts and one second; and Valkyrie has taken ten prizes from Iverna, eight firsts and two seconds.”
THE TIMES - ROYAL IRISH CLUB REGATTA on Wednesday 22 July 1891 – 1.Valkyrie 2.Thalia 3.Creole 4.White Slave.
THE YACHTSMAN - 30 July 1891 - ROYAL IRISH CLUB REGATTA on Thursday 23 July 1891 – “The first race fell through owing to the non-starting of Iverna, Valkyrie sees no sport in walking over.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 30 July 1891 - “COWES - The Valkyrie, cut., Earl of Dunraven, came into the Roads and anchored on Sunday. She is flying twelve flags.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 2 August 1891 - “TO-DAY. Now that big yacht racing has confined itself into matches between the Iverna and the Valkyrie, it is quite possible that Lord Dunraven will not bring out the Valkyrie next year at all, but confine himself to racing in the smaller classes. There are rumours of his building a “twenty”.
THE TIMES - ROYAL LONDON CLUB REGATTA on Monday 3 August 1891 – Iverna beat Valkyrie – both yachts making the same mistake (passing the wrong side of the Noman Fort) during the course, the prize was not awarded.
THE TIMES - ROYAL YACHT SQUADRON REGATTA on Wednesday 5 August 1891 – Iverna winner. Most yachts did not finish or gave up. Valkyrie chose not to finish in order to secure a good berth for a better start to the Town Cup race the following day.
THE TIMES - ROYAL YACHT SQUADRON REGATTA on Thursday 6 August 1891 – The Town Cup – “Valkyrie carried off the honours, as she made a brilliant show on a wind, and gained a well-deserved victory.” 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Maid Marion 4.Columbine.
THE YACHTSMAN - 6 August 1891 - “NOTES AND NOTIONS - L’Esperance, Lord Dunraven’s new 61-rater, sailed well in her maiden race. She is one of the ideal boats produced by the present rule of measurement, although not intended to race in the open classes. Of course it must be taken into consideration that her sails and gear were on Saturday quite unstretched. Everyone knows how this handicaps any yacht, particularly the “settling down” and stretching of halliards, shrouds, &c. It may be safe to conclude that L’Esperance, in proper form, would sail from 10 to 15 minutes a better boat than she did on Saturday. Mr. Payne has made a hit, we believe, and our only wish is that his ideas have been to a certain extent hampered by the requirements of cruising qualities.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 9 August 1891 - “YACHTING – Southampton, Saturday – The annual regatta was to have been concluded to-day with a race between Maid Marion, Valkyrie, and Iverna for a first prize of £50 and silver medal, and a second prize of £25. Great disappointment, however, was felt when the members of the club and friends assembled on the steamer ready to start for the race, as it was officially stated that the latter had fallen through. Lord Dunraven had taken Valkyrie’s crew and placed them in L’Esperance, which was to race at Portsmouth, and Mr. Kennedy’s Maid Marion was not ready to start. Mr. Jameson’s Iverna was ready, but that gentleman, with characteristic and sportsmanlike spirit, declined to allow his vessel to sail over the course for the second prize.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 13 August 1891 - “SOUTHAMPTON - On Saturday, the concluding day [of the Royal Southampton Yacht Club regatta], there was only one match on the card, a race for yachts over 30-rating for £50 and £25, with a silver medal to the captain of the winning boat.
The Iverna, Valkyrie and Maid Marion were entered for this, but the day proved a fiasco. The committee and club steamers were engaged, the Lymington mark was laid down, and the cards were printed and painted, but just before the time fixed for the start it was made known that Valkyrie’s crew had been turned over to race L’Esperance, the Earl of Dunraven’s new fishing boat, at the Royal Corinthian match in the Solent. Mr. Kennedy had made up his mind the night before not to race Maid Marion, and Mr. Jameson, with the spirit of a true sportsman, declined to sail Iverna over for the £25 to which, under the conditions, he would have become entitled. The club steamer went on a trip to the Warren, and the company on board had a fine sight of Portsmouth Corinthian racing, but this was something like playing Hamlet with the principal character left out.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 13 August 1891 - “ROYAL PORTSMOUTH CORINTHIAN YACHT CLUB REGATTA - August 8. ... The day was clear and fine, but as the afternoon advanced it became dull and threatening, with the wind hardening down from W.S.W. A fine display of speed was witnessed in all the classes...L’Esperance had the misfortune to break the jaws of her gaff off Spithead on the last round, and lost what seemed a safe second prize... Handicap Match for yachts belonging to the club of 60-rating and upwards. First prize, £50, second prize, £25, both presented by Mr. A. H. Glennie, with helmsman’s prize, value five guineas, presented by Mr. F. C. Hill. Course, from the committee boat round the west buoy of the Brambles, the outer Spit buoy, and the Warner light vessel and back, twice round - 40 miles. Starters:- Lethe, yawl, 124, S.C. Watson; Columbine, yawl, 60, W.B. Paget; L’Esperance, cutter, 61, Lord Dunraven.
The handicap was - Lethe allows L’Esperance 9min. and Columbine 12min.
Balloon topsails were on all. Lethe and Columbine were too soon on the line and had to re-cross. L’Esperance got away nicely, and in the run out to the Warner held first place. However, in the turn back the big yawl soon went into first place, but could not lead the new craft by much. One minute separated the two on the first round, with Columbine 8min. astern. As the breeze freshened, Lethe began to put her best leg foremost, and L’Esperance lost the second prize by breaking the jaws of her gaff. The other two finished as follows:- Lethe (winner) 3h.14m.5s; Columbine (2nd prize) 3h.33m.5s. L’Esperance gave up, disabled.”
THE TIMES - ROYAL VICTORIA YACHT CLUB on Tuesday 11 August 1891 – 1.Iverna 2.Valkyrie.
THE TIMES - ROYAL VICTORIA YACHT CLUB on Thursday 13 August 1891 – 1.Iverna 2.Thalia 3.Valkyrie.
THE TIMES - ROYAL VICTORIA YACHT CLUB on Friday 14 August 1891 – The Commodore’s Cup – round the Isle of Wight – 1.Iverna 2.Valkyrie 3.Lethe 4.Columbine 5.Lorna.
THE YACHTSMAN - 20 August 1891 - “SOUTHAMPTON - The yachts at and about the station have included the Valkyrie and Alwida, cutters, the Earl of Dunraven...”
Also - “PRINCIPAL WINNERS UP TO AUGUST 14, INCLUSIVE:
Starts. 1st. 2nd. 3rd. Prize money.
Iverna 27. 15, 5, 1. £1035
Valkyrie 26. 10, 4, -. £735
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 16 August 1891 - “TO-DAY. From Cowes yachts and yachtsmen journeyed to Ryde, and during the last few days all the crack racing yachts have been moored off the pier head. The racing throughout the week has been first-rate, and the match round the island on Friday brought out well the sailing capacities of the various craft engaged. Iverna came in an easy first, and saved her time on Valkyrie. Lord Dunraven’s yacht took second prize, beating all other competitors with plenty of time in hand.”
THE TIMES - ROYAL ALBERT CLUB REGATTA on Monday 17 August 1891 – Race for the Albert Cup – 1.Valkyrie 2.Iverna 3.Thalia 4.Maid Marion 5.Reverie.
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 23 August 1891 - “TO-DAY. Valkyrie’s success this season has been far greater than last, and there is little to choose between her and Mr. Jameson’s Iverna, which, although being a much larger vessel and obliged by the Y.R.A. rules to allow Valkyrie time, still was on more than one occasion outsailed by Lord Dunraven’s yacht. The latter’s victory at Ryde the other day, when Prince Henry of Prussia was on board, was very popular in the Solent. Out of twenty-eight starts she has won eleven first prizes, including Her Majesty’s Cup at the Royal Southern Yacht Club Regatta, and the Albert Cup, and four seconds.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 23 August 1891 - “YACHTING – Southampton, Saturday – Lord Dunraven’s Valkyrie has gone to Wivenhoe to lay up. The east county town is the home of her skipper Cranfield, who will keep a watchful eye on her during the winter. This, of course, only confirms the rumours prevalent here last week that the Earl of Dunraven did not intend to race Valkyrie at the western regattas.....Rumour here says that the three new 20-raters spoken of for next season are for Lord Dunraven (Alwida, L’Esperance, and Valkyrie); Captain the Hon. Victor Montagu (Siola); and Mrs. G.A. Schenley. Of course, as usual, at the yachting yards nothing is known of this, although it is table-talk in other yachting centres in the town.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 17 September 1891 - “True, Valkyrie has created a name for herself, and has inflicted a correspondingly severe blow on the reputation of Iverna.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 24 September 1891 - “PRINCIPAL WINNERS OF 1891
Rig. Tons. Starts. 1st. 2nd. 3rd. Value
Iverna, cutter, 117.66, 28. 15. 6. 1. £1065
Valkyrie, cutter, 77.42, 27. 11. 4. -. £835, including 1 Queen’s Cup
Maid Marion, cutter, 62.67, 19. 1. -. 1. £95
Thalia, cutter, 39.96. 32. 18. 7. £796
THE YACHTSMAN - 8 October 1891 - “FROM THE MAN AT THE WHEEL - In 1890, the great surprise was the sudden burst of Iverna, after many consecutive defeats by Thistle, into the position of being our fastest yacht. This, on the record of 1890, must be conceded to her, when the fact of her having been an untried vessel during her early races is taken into consideration. Valkyrie was, all this time, nowhere. Yarana was ever her master in light winds, and first Irex, then Thistle and Iverna were consistently her superiors in a breeze. Yarana suddenly left off winning prizes after the Thames matches of 1890, but Valkyrie’s position was no whit improved thereby. Yarana has never since come prominently to the fore, but Valkyrie has this year established what must be admitted to be a splendid name, although the conditions remained the same as they were during the period of her obscurity, if such a phrase may be used comparatively.
Now there is no doubt that change of sailing masters may have much to do with all this, and in no other class have such startling fluctuations been apparent. It would seem that in the large class more depends on the helmsman and the mate than is the case among the smaller fry. It has been often said that if a man is skilful in sailing small craft he will be the same when placed in charge of a large vessel, but that the converse is not so. This is certainly a grave mistake. The faculties will be all there, but the power of using them to the best advantage under difficult conditions does not necessarily follow. It seems that in the unrestricted class less depends on the model of the vessel than upon the care and skill of the sailing master, although the latter advantages cannot be expected to overcome decided defects in the vessel herself.”
VALKYRIE I – 1892 season, as recorded in THE TIMES, THE OBSERVER & THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN.
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 3 January 1892 - “YACHTING – It is said here that Southampton will be well represented at the Mediterranean regattas. It is generally believed that Lord Dunraven will send out Valkyrie...”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 10 January 1892 - “YACHTING – At the end of last season it was reported that Lord Dunraven would content himself with L’Esperance, and would not again race Valkyrie, which has now gone into the sale list.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 31 January 1892 - “YACHTING – Southampton, Saturday - The Earl of Dunraven is really going to take Valkyrie to the Mediterranean regattas after all, and this gives yachtsmen in this district some hope that his lordship will race his crack yacht in English waters. The Valkyrie has fitted out at Wivenhoe, where she had been laid up since last August, and she arrived at her old berth in Southampton Water on Thursday, and will leave tomorrow (Sunday) or Monday for Gibraltar, whence she goes to the South of France. She will be sailed by her last year’s skipper, Cranfield, who formerly sailed Yarana (now Maid Marion). Lord Dunraven will go overland, and rejoin the yacht at Nice or Marseilles.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 4 February 1892 - “SOUTHAMPTON - The Valkyrie, cutter, arrived in the river on Tuesday [2 February] from Wivenhoe, and took up moorings off the Royal Pier. Contrary to expectation, as the report had been started that she was to fit out here, it was found she was ready for sea. She sailed for the Mediterranean on Thursday [4 February], her skipper of last year, Captain Cranfield, being in command, and will race in the international regattas. The Earl of Dunraven will probably join her in Gibraltar. It is hoped here that the vessel will refit on her return for English regattas, though she will have nothing big to sail against except Iverna, which is hauled up at Fay’s, at Northam, and at present shows no signs of fitting out.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 11 February 1892 - “SOUTHAMPTON - The Valkyrie, cutter, the Earl of Dunraven, which sailed from Southampton in fine weather, bound for the Mediterranean, had a regular dusting going down Channel, and put in at Portland and Plymouth.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 18 February 1892 - “NOTES AND NOTIONS - Valkyrie arrived at Gibraltar on 12th inst., eight days out from Plymouth.”
Also - “SOUTHAMPTON - The Earl of Dunraven ran down from town to Southampton for a few hours on Saturday for a first look round. His lordship looked poorly, and had evidently not recovered from the effects of his recent severe illness. There was not very much for him, as his 5-rater, ordered from Summers & Payne, has not yet progressed much beyond keel-laying. News had reached your correspondent the same morning of the arrival of the Valkyrie at Gibraltar the day before, from this port, and Plymouth (eight days from the latter port), but the noble earl had up to the time of his visit heard nothing of the vessel’s whereabouts. He will, it is expected, leave England in a few days, to join the Valkyrie, and doubtless in the genial breezes of the Mediterranean, he will acquire that robustness which will fit him for the really serious business in English waters of making his new 5-rater prove a “record.”
THE TIMES - REGATTA AT NICE on Saturday 12 March 1892 – First prize of 5,000f. and a gold medal – Valkyrie won the race for vessels over 20 tons burden, with Blue Rock second and Captain Nottage’s Oretta, formerly known as Deerhound, third.
THE TIMES - REGATTA AT NICE on Tuesday 15 March 1892 – Race from Nice to Monaco and back was won by the Valkyrie, with Lord Dunraven on board, the first prize being a work of art and a silver-gilt medal. The dexterity with which the Valkyrie was handled excited great admiration.
THE GLASGOW HERALD - 21 March 1892 - “YACHT RACING AT MENTONE - March 19. To-day’s regatta was favoured by lovely weather and a fresh easterly wind. Seven yachts competed in the various races. In the contest for the Grand Prix du President, Lord Dunraven’s Valkyrie came in first, Mr. Cookson’s Castanet second, followed by the Oretta, late Deerhound. The Blue Rock (Captain Nottage) was placed hors de combat, her bobstay being carried away.”
THE TIMES - MENTONE on Sunday 20 March 1892 – The first race in the contest for the Prix International de la Mediterranee was won by the Valkyrie.
THE TIMES - MONTE CARLO on Thursday 31 March 1892 – The international yacht race from Monaco to Nice was won by the Valkyrie. Oretta was second, Blue Rock third.
THE NEW YORK TIMES - 2 April 1892 - “CAN’T BEAT THE VALKYRIE - PARIS, April 1 - The international yacht race to-day over the course from Monaco to Nice resulted in a victory for Lord Dunraven’s famous yacht Valkyrie. This is the third race that the Valkyrie has won in the last three weeks, having secured the valuable prizes offered in two yachting regattas held at Nice during the latter part of March.”
THE GLASGOW HERALD - 9 April 1892 - “Lord Dunraven has sold his well-known yacht the Valkyrie to a Russian Grand Duke for £4500.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 14 April 1892 - “NOTES AND NOTIONS - It is stated that Lord Dunraven has sold Valkyrie to the Archduke Stephan, Military Commander of Pola, for £4,500. If this be true, the doom of the large class, for this season at all events, is certain.
We look to Lord Dunraven to redeem the fortunes of the big class. We cannot think he will rest content with a 5-rater for racing purposes after making Valkyrie’s name last season, and we hope to see him next year in possession of a larger flyer.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 24 April 1892 - “YACHTING – THE VALKYRIE – The yacht Valkyrie, with Lord Dunraven on board, has arrived at Messina en route for Pola.” Also noted in THE TIMES of Monday 25 April 1892 - “COURT AND SOCIAL.”
THE OBSERVER of Friday 4 September notes that Valkyrie’s Mediterranean base is at Pola.
THE TIMES - Monday 25 April 1892 – “YACHTING - The cutter yacht Valkyrie has been delivered to her new owner, the Archduke Karl Stephan, of Austria, at Pola.”
THE OBSERVER – Sunday 5 June 1892 - “YACHTING – “The Earl of Dunraven’s last year’s cutter, L’Esperance, is once more afloat, having been launched by Summers and Payne during the past week. She is on the station, and will hoist her owner’s racing flag in the Royal Southern match, and also in the cup match of the Squadron. Cranfield, of Yarana and Valkyrie fame, will be at the helm.”
Valkyrie I - 1894. The outdated Valkyrie I was skippered by Lemon Cranfield.
THE YACHTSMAN - 22 February 1894 - “ Mr. Ignace Florio’s Valkyrie I will be manned by an English crew, and skippered by Lemon Cranfield, brother of “Bill,” of America Cup renown. It will be remembered that Cranfield won the Grand Prix of 15,000 francs at Nice, in November, 1879, when he was skipper of Pantomime.”
[I have found no other reference to Lemon being skipper of Pantomime. It is possible that Lemon sailed Pantomime after the end of the 1879 British racing season in September 1879 and before he joined Miranda on January 1st 1880. His brother George was skipper of Pantomime in 1880 and is possibly the Cranfield mentioned here, although there is a reference to George being skipper of Vanessa in 1879]
THE YACHTSMAN - 1 March 1894 - “CONTINENTAL YACHTING - ... Thus we read that the Meteor had completed her fitting out by April 8 and was on that date taken over by Captain Gomes [ex Valkyrie I], two English mates, and five English hands, who were complemented by seven German sailors... Lemon Cranfield, who, as we announced last week, has been appointed skipper of Mr. Ignace Florio’s Valkyrie I, was at one time with Sir George Lampson on the Miranda. Later on he had Command of Captain Nottage’s Foxhound, and some years ago he skippered Mr. Ingham Clark’s yawl, Vol-au-Vent. He is the eldest son of the Cranfield family, and it was he, we believe, who taught all his brothers how to sail a boat.”
THE YACHTSMAN - 22 March 1894 - “MONACO AND MONTE CARLO - On Tuesday the 13th, the day of the race for the Ogden Goelet and Gordon Bennett Cups, Cannes Roads presented a sight such as the proverbial “oldest inhabitant” cannot recall to mind. No sooner had the competing vessels crossed the starting line than there followed a general rush of almost every yacht in port to set out after them. All the steam yacht owners had made this an occasion on which to make up parties to follow the great race... The next regattas will take place at Nice... beginning on Monday, 26th inst., and ending on Saturday 31st.”
ALSO - “Tuesday 13th March - Cannes Roads - ... In addition there were crowds of sailing yachts going to take part in the races for the cups, including Valkyrie, Oretta and Floreal in the big race.. “
THE YACHTSMAN - 29 March 1894 - The regattas at Nice began on Monday, 26th inst., in fine weather, a stiff breeze blowing from east by south-east. In the first event, the Prix d’Honneur, open to all yachts, Valkyrie, Bluerock, and Oretta started, Oretta leading. The wind fell, however, and the yachts becoming becalmed, the race had to be postponed, as it was impossible to finish before sundown.”