CK 86 - NEVA

Capt. Lemon Cranfield

Built at Rowhedge with the prize money won by the racing yacht of the same name Neva was a familiar sight at local regattas and had a long fishing career. Luckily there are many crew lists for her which are listed below. Contrary to popular belief  Neva and her owner Lemon Cranfield were not always winners of the hotly contested smack races at the regattas.

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 78

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.77 – 30.6.77

Fishing Number; 86. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; Lemon Cranfield of East Donyland

Master; Stephen Cranfield of East Donyland. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

Stephen Cranfield age 31. Born East Donyland, Essex. Same Ship – Continued from last half year. Master. Discharged 2 April ’77 at East Donyland

George Cranfield age 61. Same details as Stephen. Mate. Remains

Richard Cranfield age 16. Same details. Boy. Remains

All – No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 13th July 1877. Signed George Cranfield for Lemon Cranfield, Owner

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 78

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.77 – 31.12.77

Fishing Number; 86. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; Lemon Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; George Cranfield Sen. of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

George Cranfield Sen. age 60. Born Rowhedge, Essex. Last served on Same Ship. Master. Remaining

Stephen Cranfield age 32. Born Rowhedge, Essex. Last served on NEVA – Yacht. Date of discharge from such Ship; 20.9.77 at Rowhedge. Joined present Ship; 21.9.77 at Rowhedge. Mate. Remaining

Richard Cranfield age 17. Born Rowhedge, Essex. Last served on Same Ship. Lad. Remaining

All – No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 16 January 1878. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Friday 17 August 1877 - “COLNE YACHT CLUB REGATTA - The Regatta, conducted by the Flag and other officers of the Colne Yacht Club, is one of the most popular gatherings of the year in the locality of Colchester. The affair is carried out with much spirit, and not only is good yacht and smack racing provided, but also what is far more attractive to the general public, plenty of boat racing, and amusing water and land sports. The Regatta for this year, held yesterday (Thursday), proved no exception to the rule, and the weather being fine a large concourse of people assembled at Wyvenhoe, and apparently very much enjoyed the sport. The place presented quite an animated and holiday appearance: the river was studded with all kinds of craft, most of them flying bunting, and flags were displayed along the Quay, and at various parts of the village, while in the street a regular Fair was held, and the stall-keepers and steam circus proprietors, &c., seemed to be driving a thriving trade. The Band of the 6th Essex (Colchester) Volunteers was stationed on the Quay, and played a capital selection of music; and the Wyvenhoe Alexandra Band played alternately on a barge moored alongside the Committee-Boat on the other side of the river....

[The Committee included all the usual Wyvenhoe notables... J. Moore, C. Heath etc]

In the match for fishing smacks, under 20 tons, prizes of £8, £4, and £2 respectively were offered. The following boats entered:- Margaret, 16 tons, W. Barr, Wyvenhoe; Neva, 15 tons, L. Cranfield, East Donyland; First Fruits, 17 tons, J. Barr, Wyvenhoe; Who’d a Thought It, 16 tons, J. Gibbs, Harwich; Arthur, 7 tons, D. Durrell, Wyvenhoe. The course was the same as for the first class yachts; [ From the Guard Boat off Mersea Stone, round St. Osyth Spit Buoy and back by the Knowl and Beach Head to the Guard boat, twice round, finishing off the Committee Boat at Wyvenhoe; distance about 30 miles] and all the boats started with the exception of First Fruits, which, owing to some accident, did not show up. Neva had the lead nearly all the way round, and at the Bar buoy the well known and successful racer Who’d a Thought It held second place, Margaret, however, being only two minutes behind. The latter shortly afterwards passed the Who’d a Thought It, and the arrival at Wyvenhoe (after a capital contest) was thus timed: Neva (first prize), 5h. 21m. 45s.; Margaret (second prize) 5h. 23m. 30s.; Who’d a Thought It (third prize) 5h. 35m. 35s.... In addition to the above, there was an “aquatic Derby” - a race on barrels, and a duck hunt, both of which afforded immense amusement to the spectators, while on shore there was climbing a greasy pole for a leg of mutton, a circular rope walk, and other amusements, the whole concluding with a display of fireworks.”

 

THE ESSEX TELEGRAPH – Tuesday 13 August 1878 - “WYVENHOE REGATTA – The annual Regatta of the Colne Yacht Club took place at Wyvenhoe on the 5th inst. The town, which was prettily and tastefully decorated, was crowded with holiday-makers. Wyvenhoe Regatta being regarded as one of the most prominent aquatic events in the East Essex season… The morning was beautifully fine, and the wind all that could be wished for – blowing from the S.E. it was dead on end from the Guardship to the Bar Buoy. The entries for the yacht and smack races were as follows:- Yachts - Virago, 6 tons, Mr. R. Stone; Ada, 5 tons, Messrs. E. and A. Went; Janette, 5 tons, Mr. F. Wilkinson; Sprite, 8 tons, Mr. F. Wiseman. Smacks – Neva, 15 tons, R. Cranfield (sic); Who’d ha’ thought it, 15 tons, F. Gibbs.

The start (flying) was made from the Guardship at 11 a.m. and the line was crossed in the following order:- Sprite, Virago, Neva (sailed by the father of the celebrated Cranfield who earned such fame in the Scotch Neva, and who now commands the no less celebrated Formosa), Janette and Who’d ha’ thought it… The two smacks… had square-headed topsails… The course here to the Priory Spit Buoy was a long and short leg, which, as well as the close fister out of Colne, gave Neva, with her well fitting suit of sails, a great pull on Who’d ha’ thought it, who had nothing but her usual fishing suit…. Result:- Who’d ha’ thought it 4h 45m 21s; Neva 4h 47m 23s.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 7 September 1878 - “WALTON-ON-THE-NAZE REGATTA - This annual Regatta was held on Thursday, the Water Sports taking place off the Old Pier... There are great difficulties in the way of arranging a really first-class Regatta at Walton, but the general public care very little for anything beyond boat racing and the other minor events which they can see and understand, and they look upon it more in the nature of a good day’s outing at the sea-side. It is not surprising, therefore, that the visitors should flock to Walton in such large numbers on these occasions, and as they did on Thursday... [More than three thousand people travelled from Colchester]

In the match for pair-oared boats - prizes, £1.10 and 10s. - Neva (L. Cranfield) was first, and Jane (Elizabeth Barnard) was second, the other competitors were Lucy Anna (James Polley), Annie (Alfred Bates), and The Angler (John Easter).”

 

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 88

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.79 – 30.6.79

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; Lemon Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; G.  Cranfield Sen. of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

George Cranfield age 63. Born Colchester, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

William Cranfield age 23. Born Donyland, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Mate. Discharged 1.4.79 at Rowhedge

Richard Cranfield age 19. Born Donyland, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Discharged 1.4.79 at Rowhedge

All – No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 21 July 1879. Signed George Cranfield, Master.

 

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD – Saturday 30 August 1879 - “COLNE YACHT CLUB REGATTA – The annual Regatta, promoted by the Flag and other Officers of the Colne Yacht Club, came off at Wyvenhoe on Monday last, and was in all respects a thorough success. The weather was threatening in the early morning and during the forenoon a heavy shower or two fell, but by midday the sky had cleared, the sun shone out brilliantly, there was a spanking breeze, and everything was most auspicious.....The third item on the programme was a sailing match for fishing smacks under 20 tons, the first prize offered being £10, and the second £2. The yachts and fishing smacks were all started from H.M.’s Custom’s Guard Boat moored off Mersea Stone, at the same time At the hour arranged, however, such a drenching shower came down, that it was found expedient to delay the start, which ultimately took place at 12.3, Neva being the first to cross the imaginary line, followed by Virago, Who’d-a-thought-it, Dione, Volante, and Secret, all within forty-three seconds. At this time the wind at West had dropped to a good whole-sail breeze, and those who were timorous enough to lower their topmast, had soon good reason to regret adopting such a course. At 12.12, rain again came down, and the boats could scarcely be discerned by the Judges in the steam launch..... However, when the mist lifted, it was found that both smacks and yachts alike were still on the starboard tack reaching out to the bar buoy. Twelve minutes later Dione was seen to round the bar buoy, followed by Neva and Who’d-a-thought-it, almost neck-and-neck. Then came Volante, Secret and Virago. The launch was rounded as follows:- Dione, 2h. 2min. 1sec; Neva, 2h. 2min 21sec; Who’d-a-thought-it, 2h. 5min. 10sec; Volante, 2h. 25min. 6sec; Virago, 2h. 38min. 4sec; Secret, from the fact of having no spinnaker on board was some 6 minutes astern, and bore away for Wyvenhoe. On the close haul from the launch to the bar buoy Neva got a pull on Dione in rounding and took the lead. Dione not even having lowered her jib topsail or prepared to draw in her sheets, lost some ground and dropped away to leeward. After this little could be seen from the launch, so it ran up to Wyvenhoe, the yachts and fishing smacks arriving there as follows; Who’d-a-thought-it, 4h. 26m. 40s; Neva, 4h. 30m. 50s; Virago, 4h. 41m. 10s; Dione, 4h. 42m. 5s.”

THE IPSWICH JOURNAL - Saturday 30 August 1879 - “WYVENHOE - ANNUAL REGATTA - A large number of people from almost every district in the neighbourhood were attracted to Wyvenhoe on Monday last, that being the day selected for the annual regatta held under the auspices of the flag and other officers of the Colne Yacht Club. With the exception of one or two heavy showers about noon, the weather was in every respect favourable. The river was alive with craft of all descriptions, and special trains were run from Colchester of which a large number took advantage. The band of the 6th Essex (Colchester) Volunteers discoursed a selection of music throughout the day. The first competition on the programme was that of a sailing match for yachts above eight and under twenty tons, belonging to any recognised yacht club. The prize was a silver cup valued at 10 guineas, but as only the Dione entered, it was decided to merge the event with the Commodore’s prize of £5. 5s. for yachts and pleasure boats under eight tons. In the sailing match for fishing smacks under 20 tons the first prize offered was £10, and the second £2. The yachts and fishing smacks were all started from H. M.’s Customs Guard Ship, moored off Mersea Stone, at the same time. At the hour arranged, however, such a drenching shower came down, that it was found expedient to delay the start, which ultimately took place at 12.3, the first to cross the imaginary line being Neva, Virago, Who’d Have Thought it, Dione, Volante, and Secret. At this time the wind at West had dropped to a good whole-sail breeze, and those who were timorous enough to lower their topmast had soon good reason to regret adopting such a course. At 12.37 Dione was seen to round the Bar buoy, closely followed by Neva and Who’d Have Thought It close together, with Volante, Secret, and Virago in the rear. The launch was rounded as follows:- Dione, 2h.2m.1s; Neva, 2h.2m.21s; Who’d Have Thought It, 2h.5m.10s; Volante, 2h.25m.6s; Virago, 2h.38m.4s; and Secret, from the fact of having no spinnaker on board, was some six minutes astern, and bore away for Wyvenhoe, where the boats arrived as follows:- Who’d Have Thought It, 4h.26m.40s; Neva, 4h.30m.50s; Virago, 4h.41m.10s; and Dione, 4h.42m.5s. The latter craft, no doubt, would have won the race, but, having lost her topmast, she had grounded. The prizes were awarded as under:- Yachts, silver cup, Virago; Commodore’s prize, Dione. Smacks, first prize, Who’d Have Thought It; second ditto, Neva.... In the evening there was a display of fireworks by Professor Pain, of the Alexandra Palace, including the ascent of a balloon carrying a magnesium light of various colours.”

 

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 88

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.79 – 31.12.79

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; Lemon Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; G.  Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

George Cranfield age 64. Born Colchester, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

William Cranfield age 23. Born Donyland, Essex. Last served on CLAG – Yacht. Date of discharge from such Ship; 5.9.79 at Glasgow. Joined present Ship; 20.9.79 at Rowhedge. AB. Discharged 27.12.79 at Rowhedge

Richard Cranfield age 19. Born Donyland, Essex. Last served on QUICKSTEP – Yacht. Discharged from such Ship; 7.9.79 at Kingstown. Joined present Ship; 20.9.79 at Rowhedge. AB. Remaining

All – No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 15 January 1880. Signed George Cranfield, Master.

c.1900 - Capt Lemon Cranfield's Neva, wi

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 94

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.80 – 30.6.80

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; G.  Cranfield Sen. of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”.  All – No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

George Cranfield age 63. Born Donyland, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

Robert Sebborn age 55. Born Donyland, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Remaining

Richard Cranfield age 19. Born Donyland, Essex. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Discharged 10.4.80 at Rowhedge

Received at Colchester 17 July 1880. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 14 August 1880 - “BRIGHTLINGSEA REGATTA - On Thursday last, for the first time in several years, a Regatta was held at Brightlingsea, and so thoroughly successful did it prove in every way, that there is very little doubt an effort will be put forth to make it an annual event.... the weather on Thursday was everything that could be desired – a glorious summer day, with a good whole-sail breeze.... The Regatta took place off St. Osyth Stone, and on the beach and marshes – where most of the people assembled – were refreshment marquees, various kinds of exhibitions, steam circuses, rifle galleries, and the usual concomitants of a fair or gala; whilst the river was studded with craft of various kinds, many of them displaying bunting in honour of the occasion.... A second smack race, under 15 tons fishery register – open to the coast – brought three competitors, viz., Hildegarde, 11 tons, Mr. J. Simons; Neva, 9 tons, Mr. L. S. Cranfield; A. W. Howard, 19 tons, Mr. J. H. Cranfield (sic). The last named gave up early in the race, which was terminated thus; Neva, winner of the first prize (£7), 3h. 32m; Hildegarde, winner of the second prize (£3.10s), 4h. 2m. 30s.”

[J.H. Cranfield should be G.H. Cranfield – George Henry]

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 4 September 1880 - Advertisement - “EAST DONYLAND REGATTA. THE ANNUAL REGATTA AT EAST DONYLAND (ROWHEDGE), WILL TAKE PLACE ON THURSDAY NEXT, 9TH SEPTEMBER, Under the distinguished Patronage of James Round, Esq., M.P.; Colonel Learmouth; F. H. Jeune, Esq.; Thomas Moy, Esq.; Rev. H. E. Lufkin; S. T. Daniell, Esq.; C. Nicholl, Esq.; Major Tyssen Holroyd.

The Committee consist of the following:- Commodore and Judge - Mr. P. Harris. Vice-Commodore and Referee - Mr. E. Harris. Treasurer - Mr. Pryer. Secretary - Mr. Nunn.

Committee - Mr. A. Went, Mr. Miller, Mr. H. Havens, Mr. B. Walford, Mr. R. Daniell, Mr. Carrington, Mr. R. Pearson, Mr. T. Pitt, Mr. R. Havens, Mr. Bartlett, Capt. L. Cranfield, Capt. T. Matthewman, Capt. J. Potter, Capt. Springett, Capt. J. Carter, Capt. T. Allen.

The Programme includes Races for Smack’s Boats, Yachts, Dingheys, Sculling Matches, Ladies’ Single-Oared Boat Race; Boat Race for Girls under 16, Tub Race, Swimming Race, &c.; and a number of Land Sports.

By permission of Capt. Howard and Officers, the BAND of the 2nd Essex Rifle Volunteers will attend under the direction of Mr. D. Damant, Bandmaster.

To conclude with a GRAND DISPLAY OF FIREWORKS.

Trains will leave at St. Botolph’s at 2.27 p.m. and 4.42 p.m., and a Special Train will leave Wivenhoe for St. Botolph’s at 10.15 p.m.

For further Particulars see Bills.”

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 94

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.80 – 31.12.80

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; George  Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

George Cranfield born 1816 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

William Cranfield born 1856 Essex. Last served on DAPHNE of Glasgow. Year of Service in last Ship; 1880. Joined present Ship; 6.10.80 at Rowhedge. AB. Remaining

Richard Cranfield born 1860 Essex. Last served on DAPHNE – dates as William. AB. Remaining

All – No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 31 January 1881. Signed George Cranfield, Master.

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 98

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.81 – 30.6.81

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; Lemon Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; G. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

George Cranfield born 1816 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

William Cranfield born 1856 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Discharged 3.81 at Rowhedge

Richard Cranfield born 1860 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Discharged 3.81 at Rowhedge

Tabor Cheek born 1833 Essex. Last served on SWEDENBORG of Colchester. AB. Remaining

Lemon Cranfield born 1867 (sic). Last served on “Nil”. Joined present Ship; 5.81 at Rowhedge. Lad. Remaining

All – No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 21 July 1881. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 98

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.81 – 31.12.81

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; W. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”. All – No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

William Cranfield born 1856 Essex. Last served on MAY – Greenock. Year of Service in last Ship; 1881. Joined present Ship; 24.9.81 at Rowhedge. Master. Remaining

Richard Cranfield born 1860 Essex. Last served on DAPHNE – Glasgow. Year of Service in last Ship; 1881. Joined present Ship; 24.9.81 at Rowhedge. AB. Remaining

Elijah Goldacre born 1833 Essex. Last served on MAY – Greenock. Same dates. AB. Remaining

Lemon Cranfield born 1866 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. Lad. Remaining

Received at Colchester 21 January 1882. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 17 September 1881 - “BRIGHTLINGSEA REGATTA – This Regatta was held on Thursday last.... The Regatta was in every way a great success. The weather was brilliantly fine, and an immense number of visitors were attracted to the place..... Altogether there must have been four or five thousand people present, and Brightlingsea was all bustle and excitement, while the Colne, studded with craft of all kind – from the fine yacht to the small dingey and punt – mostly displaying a profusion of bunting, presented a picturesque and pleasing scene.... The first event on the programme was a race for Smacks (open to the coast) of 20 tons fishing register and upward...

The next event was a race for Smacks under 25 tons fishing register, belonging to Brightlingsea; time as in first race. 1st prize, £7; 2nd, £3. 10s; 3rd, £1. 10s. The following vessels started:- Neva, Captain Cranfield, 9 tons; Fancy, Mrs. Gardner; Faith, Mr. Cheek. A start was effected at 11 o’clock, and the Neva was the first to get away. The course was 16 miles in extent, being round the Bar Buoy to a mark off Bradwell, and thence to a mark off Bracelett Creek, back to the Committee Boat. The following was the order of the return:- Neva, 1st prize, 2h. 54m. 30s; Fancy, 2nd prize, 3h. 40m. 15s. The Faith gave up shortly after starting.”

THE ESSEX TELEGRAPH – Saturday 17 September 1881 - adds... “BRIGHTLINGSEA REGATTA – The annual aquatic festival which seems destined to be, par excellence, the one event of the year at Brightlingsea, was held on Thursday. The weather which prevailed left nothing to be desired. The sun shone intermittently throughout the entire day, only a slight haze, and a few small fleecy clouds, preventing his face from being continuously visible from dawn to sundown. “

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 102

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.82 – 30.6.82

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; W.  Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex. Laid up at Rowhedge since April 1. 1882”

All – Born Essex. Same Ship - Continued. No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

William Cranfield born 1856. Master. Discharged 1.4.82 at Rowhedge

Richard Cranfield born 1860. AB. Discharged 1.4.82 at Rowhedge

Elijah Goldacre born 1833. AB. Discharged 1.4.82 at Rowhedge

Lemon Cranfield born 1866. Lad. Discharged 1.4.82 at Rowhedge

Received at Colchester 20 July 1882. Signed William Cranfield, Master.

THE ESSEX STANDARD – Saturday 23 September 1882 - “ANNUAL REGATTA AND WATER SPORTS AT BRIGHTLINGSEA – This popular aquatic event came off on Tuesday last... Unfortunately, however, the weather proved most unpropitious, raining the greater part of the day, and although the programme was carried out, and there was some good racing, the attendance was comparatively small.... the day was a dull, gloomy, uncomfortable one. The sailing matches were started by a portion of the Committee stationed on the Guard Boat off Mersea Stone Point, in the vicinity of which an accident occurred during the morning, which very nearly proved fatal to Mr. Cranfield, of Brightlingsea, the Captain of the yacht Miranda. It appears that Mr. Cranfield, who had been sailing the smack Neva, got into a small canvas boat, with the intention of boarding the Guard vessel. He had hardly seated himself when his frail craft capsized, and he was precipitated into the water. Mr. Cranfield managed to catch hold of the side of the over-turned boat, and the smack Lively, passing directly afterwards, with much difficulty rescued him from his perilous situation in an almost insensible condition.... Race for Smacks under 20 tons fishery register. First prize, £6; second, £3; third, £1. 10s. Course from guard vessel out to the bar buoy, up the Blackwater to a mark off Bradwell, then round Bracelet Spit and back to starting point. The smacks that started were; Neva, 9 tons, Cranfield; Lily, 11 tons, Cranfield; Eudora, 11 tons, James Mason. A good start was made at 11.20, and after a capital race the boats came in in the following order:- Neva, Lily, Eudora. No times were taken. The Lily entered a protest against the Neva for going the wrong side of Bench Head Buoy, and the Neva entered a protest against the Lily for not carrying a small boat.”

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 7 October 1882 - EAST DONYLAND REGATTA – Capt. L. Cranfield a member of the organising committee who....”exerted themselves to bring about a successful Regatta, and they are to be congratulated upon the result. The arrangements were in every way admirable, capital sport was provided, and, the weather being gloriously fine, large numbers of visitors were attracted to the place.... Several of the patrons were present during the afternoon, including Lord Alfred Paget, who watched most of the matches with evident interest, and who subsequently, as he proceeded down the river in his magnificent steam yacht, was loudly cheered, a compliment which his lordship, who is very popular in the Colne, acknowledged by raising his cap..... Everything passed off without accident, with the exception of the upsetting of a boat close in shore, the occupants of which were, however, speedily rescued without having sustained any harm.... Four-oared Smacks’ Boats:- £1. 10. Faith, Capt. Cheek, Rowhedge; 15s. Jemina (sic), Capt. Allen, Rowhedge; third, Neva, Capt. L. Cranfield, Rowhedge.”

Sculling Match for Yachts’ Dingeys (boys under 16) – Seven entries; Wm. Cheek, L. Cranfield, Philip James, J. Cheek, J. Wisbey, C. Dyer, G. Glozir (sic). Only three started, however....Glozir 1st, Dyer 2nd, and Wm. Cheek 3rd.”

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 102

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.82 – 31.12.82

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; H. Sebborn of Rowhedge. No Certificate. “Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – Born Essex. No Fund Ticket or Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate. Remaining

Henry Sebborn born 1844. Same Ship – Continued. Master

William Cranfield born 1857 (sic). Last served on TERPSICHORE of Cowes 1882. Joined present Ship; 4.11.82 at Rowhedge. AB

Lemon Cranfield born 1866. Same Ship – Continued. Lad

Received at Colchester 20 January 1883. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD – Saturday 8 September 1883 - “WYVENHOE & COLCHESTER REGATTA – On Thursday, the Wyvenhoe & Colchester Regatta was held on the river Colne, at Wyvenhoe. For some years past this has been an annual event, having been undertaken by the Colne Yacht Club, and it is always looked forward to with much interest by both Wyvenhoe & Colchester people who lend it their hearty support, but on the present occasion the arrangements were carried out by an independent committee.

The state of the atmosphere in the morning was anything but favourable, it having a decided tendency to rain, and actually did rain a little in the earlier part of the day, but during the progress of the proceedings the weather cleared; and although somewhat cold and dull was in other respects all that could be desired. There was a good south-west wind blowing across the stream which was favourable to sailing contests, but the rowing boats had to keep well in on the south shore in order to avoid its influence as much as possible. The starting point was between the Committee’s boat, which was moored at the south side of the stream directly opposite the Anchor Inn, and the Quay, and all the races terminated at this point after they had sailed or rowed round certain buoys, both up and down the river. Unfortunately, just below the Committee’s boat there was moored a heavy tonnage coal ship, which blocked out the view of the race down the river from that point, and it was also a source of great annoyance to the various competitors, who had to row out of their course to reach the winning post. All the trains from Colchester and Brightlingsea during the afternoon were well filled with passengers, who alighted at Wyvenhoe, and by the time the proceedings commenced, soon after one o’clock, the Quay and sides of the river were well lined with spectators.... The town was also very gay, most of the inhabitants making a general holiday of it since Monday, during which time a Fair has been held in its midst, whilst the streets were lined with bazaar stalls, fruit hawkers, Aunt Sally, cocoa-nut throwing, and other similar attractions. Most of the inhabitants decorated their houses in some fashion or other, there being a liberal display of flags and bunting.... The Committee collected a large amount of money to be distributed in prizes, and hence an attractive and interesting programme was advertised, which was added to at the last moment by Mr. R. Blanchard offering £5 for a fishing smacks’ race, the Committee adding £3 as a second prize.... Three boats entered – Two from Wyvenhoe, the Mary, and Violet, and the Neva from East Donyland. In the result the Mary won, this being a most popular victory, as it was thought that the Neva was by far the fastest boat, as she had been fitted out for pleasure parties, whereas the Mary and Violet were not in so fit a state for quick sailing...”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 22 September 1883 - “CLACTON-ON-SEA REGATTA - Our Clactonian friends were favoured with most charming weather for their Regatta on Wednesday. It was one of those days that suited equally the competitors in the rowing and sailing matches, and the visitors and holiday makers - a nice, steady breeze and good sea, with a glorious sunshine. Under these circumstances, and remembering that the Great Eastern Railway Company offered special facilities for visitors - extra trains and cheap fares - it is not surprising that there was a large gathering, notwithstanding that there were several large counter attractions, including no less than three excursions from Colchester and elsewhere in the neighbourhood, to London, Yarmouth, Eastbourne, and Hastings. From an early hour in the morning, people flocked into the place by road, rail, and water, the trains from Colchester all being heavily freighted, and by the afternoon, Clacton, attired in its holiday garb, presented quite a gay appearance. There was a plentiful display of bunting on all hands, and the splendid Pier, which was well patronised throughout the day, was, as usual, decorated with miniature flags, which had a very pleasing effect. The Royal and other Hotels were very busy, as also were most of the tradesmen of the place, while the bathing-machine proprietors, the boatmen, the owners of vehicles, donkeys, &c., had as much as they could do... A goodly sum was collected towards the Regatta fund, and the Committee were enabled to issue a capital programme, which included smack and open boat races, rowing matches, land sports, fireworks, and a military band (the 7th Hussars). The aquatic sports commenced shortly before noon, and were conducted by a portion of the Committee who were stationed on a smack (the Diadem, of Colchester), moored a short distance from the Pier, and from whence all the races were started.... The following is a list of the aquatic sports:-

The first event was a Smack Race for three prizes of £10, £6, and £4 respectively. Time allowance, half-a-minute per ton. The following smacks competed:- Neva, 15 tons, W. Cranfield, Rowhedge; A. W. Howard, 15 tons, G. H. Cranfield, Rowhedge; Violet, 15 tons, Capt. Mason, Wyvenhoe; Druid, 15 tons, W. Fosgate, Wyvenhoe. The course was from the Committee boat, round the Bell Buoy and Priory Spit, leaving both on the starboard hand; twice round, finishing inside between the Pier and the Committee boat. A capital start, across an imaginary line, was effected about a quarter to 12 o’clock. The Neva, which was very smartly handled throughout the race, was quickest under weigh, followed by the Violet and Howard, the Druid being last. It was a good race out between the three first named smacks, and they passed the Committee boat the first round as follows:- Neva, 2h. 30m.; Violet, 2h. 38m.; Howard, 2h. 47m. The Druid gave up. In the second round the Neva maintained her lead, and with her sails well set, came in the winner, amidst general applause from the Pier, and from the Committee boat and other craft afloat. The times were taken as under:- Neva, 1st prize, 4h. 23m.; Violet, 2nd prize, 4h. 30m.; A. W. Howard, 3rd prize, 4h. 45m...

At dusk there was a capital display of fireworks... The display included six set pieces, the last one being a representation of the Albert Edward Lifeboat, with Masonic emblems, surmounted by the words “God Speed.” The fireworks were witnessed by a large concourse of people, and were much applauded.”

Probably Lemon rather than William on board Neva.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 13 October 1883 - “WYVENHOE & COLCHESTER REGATTA – The late Regatta held at this place (full details of which were given in our issue of the 8th ult.) having proved such a great success, and the match for smacks turning out such a splendid affair, affording the greatest interest to nautical men and others, the Committee, with the concurrence of some neighbouring gentlemen, determined to have another sailing match for smacks on Saturday last, and this was equally successful with the former one; but, in order that the Regatta to be held at East Donyland on the following Monday should not in any way be interfered with, little publicity was given to the affair, so a select few had a very pleasant day. Mr. Jackson, of Wyvenhoe Hall, kindly undertook the office of Commodore, and started the smacks from the Guard Boat over the usual Regatta course, and, with a favourable breeze, a most exciting match ensued. Dick Ham, Hon. Sec., acted as Starter for the home events, and did much to promote the success of a most enjoyable day.

For the Smacks’ Race, the following started for prizes, 1st, £5; 2nd, £3; 3rd, £2: - Neva, East Donyland, Capt. L. Cranfield; Mary, Wyvenhoe, Mr. Geo. Death; Fanny, Wyvenhoe, Mr. Jas. Gardner; Druid, Wyvenhoe, Capt. Forsgate. The time of passing the winning flag, opposite the Rose and Crown, Wyvenhoe, will show what a fine race took place:- Mary, 1hr.34m.6s; Neva, 1hr.34m.53s; Fanny, 1hr.43m.10s; Druid, 1hr.43m.35s.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 13 October 1883 - “EAST DONYLAND REGATTA – This popular Regatta was held at East Donyland on the river Colne on Monday, and it was a great success. The one thing necessary for the success of all outdoor sports is fine weather, and certainly the promoters should congratulate themselves on this score, for a more beautiful afternoon in the month of October it could scarcely be possible to imagine. It was more like July or August weather, the sun shining out brilliantly, lighting up the gay display of bunting in the village and on the numerous yachts which were lying on the river side, and making the prospect a very pretty one.... The duties appertaining to the office of Commodore and judge were to have been undertaken by Mr. Chas. Clegg, but he was unable to be present, Captain Cranfield made an efficient substitute. The Committee was comprised as follows:- Captains T. Allen, J.O. Barnard, T. Barnard, J. Carter, A. Cranfield, J. Cranfield, L. Cranfield, T. Ennew, A. Lay, T. Matthewman and W.F. Randall... The Colchester Town Band.... played a capital selection of music... The “Copper Punt”, afloat, gaily decorated with evergreens and flags, containing a party of minstrels, caused much amusement...

Race for Fishing Smacks – The following boats started: Neva, Rowhedge (Captain L. Cranfield); Fanny, Wyvenhoe (W. Simons); Mary, Wyvenhoe (G. Death). The course lay from the Guardship at Brightlingsea round the Bar Buoy, Priory Spit Buoy, Spitway Buoy, and between the Knowle and Eagle Buoys, leaving the Nor-west Knowle on the starboard hand, and then coming into Wyvenhoe, a total distance of about 30 miles. The boats were dispatched at 10 o’clock in the morning, and got away well together, with a very fair wind, but on their nearing the watch-boat the wind fell considerably, and the remainder of the race was very slow. Towards evening the wind died away, and the tide being against them the vessels finished at H.M. Guardship, in the following order:- Neva, L. Cranfield 4h.31m., £6; Fanny, W. Simons 4h.35m.30s., £4; Mary, G. Death 4h.40m.30s., £2.

Race for Four-oared Smacks’ Boats – 1st Faith’s boat (W. Cheek); 2nd Neva’s boat (L. Cranfield); 3rd Jemima’s boat (T. Allen). This was a good race, only a few yards dividing the first two, whilst fifty yards divided second and third.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 8 December 1883 - “DROWNED AT SEA – We learn that one night this week, the son of Capt. Cranfield, of East Donyland (the Captain of the well-known yacht Miranda), was lost at sea. The particulars are not to hand, but it is said the deceased, a young man about 18 years of age, was accidentally knocked overboard by the boom of the fishing boat in which he had a few hours previously left the Colne”.

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 105

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.83 – 31.12.83

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. Master; W. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Cruising for pleasure and Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – Born Essex, no Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

William Cranfield born 1856. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

Charles Simons born 1853. Last served on BUTTERCUP – London 1883. Joined present Ship; 1.11.83 at Rowhedge. AB. Remaining

Lemon Cranfield born 1866. Same Ship – Continued. Lad. 3.12.83 Clacton. DROWNED

Joseph Hurst born Essex 1844. Last served on GLIMPSE – London. AB. Discharged 24.12.83 at Rowhedge.

Received at Colchester 21 January 1884. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

“1073” is written in red ink, followed by what appear to be initials. This number might refer to an entry in a register for deaths at sea

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 108

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.84 – 30.6.84

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; W. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex. Laid up at (Rowhedge – crossed out) Brightlingsea since 22.4.84”

All – Born Essex. No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

William Cranfield born 1856. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Discharged 22.4.84 at Brightlingsea

Charles Simons born 1853. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Discharged 22.4.84 at Brightlingsea

William Bewen born 1857. Last served on STRACHAN – London. AB. Discharged as above

Received at Colchester 17 July 1884. Signed William Cranfield, Master.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 27 September 1884 - “EAST DONYLAND REGATTA – More salubrious weather could not have been wished than that which favoured the promoters of this popular annual Regatta, which took place at East Donyland, on Thursday”..... “Lemon Cranfield ably officiated” as Commodore and Judge, and Captains A., J., and L. Cranfield were members of the organising committee. “The little village was quite en fete, the houses being freely decorated with flags, &c., whilst bunting was profusely displayed from several yachts wintering here. Large crowds of people lined the banks of the river, or wandered about the hard and patronised the various shows, merry-go-rounds, &c.

Race for Fishing Smacks (open) under 20 tons B.M. 1st prize, £6; 2nd, £4; 3rd, £2. No time allowance. 1. Neva (Capt. L. Cranfield); 2. Wonder (Capt. J. Carter); 3. Lilly (sic) (Capt. J. Cranfield). 4. Violet (Capt. J. Mason). The smacks were started from H.M. Guardship, Brightlingsea, at 9a.m., the breeze, which was only moderate, blowing W.N.W. The course was round the Priory Spit, past the Wallett Spit Way, through the Knoll Channel, and up the river to the Committee Boat. The Wonder was first away, followed by Lilly, Neva and Violet. Neva gradually pulled to the fore, passing the Wonder and Lilly, and came in winner by eight and a half minutes, having occupied exactly 4½ hours on the journey. Lilly was 15 minutes in the rear of Neva.

Race for Two-oared Smacks’ Boats. 1st prize, 15s; 2nd, 7s. 6d. 1. Neva; 2. Fruit; 0. Swedenburgh (sic); 0. Jemima; 0. Elizabeth and Ann. A good race, won by about eight lengths.

Race for Four-oared Smacks’ Boats. 1st prize, £1. 10; 2nd, 15s; 3rd, 5s. 1. Mary Ann (H. Tye); 2. Neva (Capt. L. Cranfield); 3. Concord (D. Martin); 0. Jemima (T. Allen). The Neva and Mary Ann raced on even terms for a long way, and until nearing home it was a question of who would win. The Mary Ann’s men, however, outstayed their opponents.

Single-handed Race for Yacht Captains of East Donyland – 1st prize, £1; 2nd, 15s; 3rd, 10s. 1.P. Harris, Cymothoe; 2. W.W. Cranfield, Arethusa; 3. H. Dowman, Maggie; 0. W. Allen, Mascotte.

 

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 11 October 1884 - “WYVENHOE & COLCHESTER REGATTA – The above very popular Regatta was held at Wyvenhoe on Thursday.... there were several heavy storms of rain.... The Quays were lined with spectators, all the windows facing the River were fully tenanted, many of the craft in the river had parties aboard, and there was a tolerably good display of bunting both ashore and afloat.

Smacks’ Race, for fishing smacks in commission not exceeding 20 tons B.M. First prize £8, 2nd £5, 3rd £3, 4th £1. The entries were – Ada, Jas. Mills, Wyvenhoe; Eudoia, Jas. Mason, sen., Wyvenhoe; Lily, John Cranfield, Rowhedge; Mary, Geo. Death, Wyvenhoe; Neva, L. Cranfield, Rowhedge; Violet, Jas. Mason, jun., Wyvenhoe; Wonder, Jas. Carter, Wyvenhoe.

This was a most interesting match, and was watched with great interest, especially by the fishing portion of the population of Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge. The smacks were started (a flying start) from off the Guard Boat at Mersea, by the Commodore and Vice-Commodore and several of the Committee in a steam launch.... In fine bright weather, and with a fresh breeze blowing from the southward, the gun to prepare was fired at 10.26a.m., and five minutes later the competing smacks were sent on their way. Wonder, Neva, and Eudoia were first over the line, followed in order by Lily, Ada, and Violet. It was a dead beat to windward, with all plain and jib headed topsails aloft in every boat, to the Bar Buoy, and thence a reach to the Priory Spit Buoy, a beat again to the Spitway Buoy, and then a run home to Wyvenhoe, finishing opposite the Committee boat. Earlier in the race the Neva, a nice little boat and well handled, took the lead and maintained it till the finish, but the Wonder made a gallant struggle for the first place, and was only beaten by less than three minutes, the Eudoia being a good third. The smacks were thus timed:- Neva 2.23.4, Wonder 2.26.0, Eudoia 2.27.30, Lily 2.43.30, Violet 2.48.0, Ada 2.51.0. Mary not timed.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 27 December 1884 - “BAD WEATHER- During the windy weather of the past few days the fishermen have done little or nothing. The Neva, owned by Captain L. Cranfield, has had her boat carried away, and several have had their nets torn and baulks broken, through the great quantity of weed”.

 

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 108

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.84 – 31.12.84

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. Master; W. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Laid up at Rowhedge till 9.84. Since – Fishing off the Coast of Essex

All – Born Essex. No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

William Cranfield born 1856. Last served on ARETHUSA – Cowes 1884. Joined present Ship; 9.84 at Rowhedge. Master. Remaining

William Brown born 1833. Last served on TORPIDA – London. AB. Remaining

Thomas Jay born 1848. Last served on MIRANDA – Colchester. AB. Remaining

Received at Colchester 20th January 1885. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 2 May 1885 - “A VISIT TO THE “SUNK” LIGHTSHIP OFF WALTON-ON-THE-NAZE - (From a Correspondent) - We met punctually at 6 a.m., and at once proceeded on board Capt. L. Cranfield’s smart 18-tonner “Neva,” lying at Rowhedge. Our party consisted of five landsmen, and two experienced yachtsmen. The weather, at starting, looked rather squally, and a fresh breeze was blowing from the westward, so we were soon under weigh, and reached the Colne Guard-boat in quick time. Before leaving the mouth of the river our skipper deemed it advisable to shorten sail, so with a small top-sail over a single-reefed main-sail and a second jib, we jogged comfortably out over the Spitway. We, at first, intended to visit the Middle Lightship, but the wind being straight down the Swin, we bore up, slacked away the main-sheet, set spinnaker, and shaped our course for the Sunk Lightship. We passed several steam colliers and fish carriers on the way, and got a friendly hail from the pilot-boat “Swin.” Passing the Gunfleet buoys and lighthouse on the port hand, and the Heaps buoy on the other, we, with a fair wind, soon reached the object of our trip. Permission to inspect the ship was readily accorded us, so we were not long in getting aboard, carrying with us a bundle of newspapers - an ever welcome gift to men employed on a lonely lightship. We were first shown the guns and rocket gear used for signalling purposes. The next object of interest was the ship’s lantern. This is in the form of an octagon of about five feet diameter and three feet high, containing ten separate lamps - seven for the red flash and three for the white. When lighted it is raised to a point about twenty feet above deck. The mast passes through its centre, and the lamps are caused to revolve horizontally by a very ingenious mechanism placed in the hold of the vessel. This mechanism, which, like everything else aboard, is a marvel of cleanliness, is actuated by a falling weight or weights, which slide within four vertical guides. The weights have to be raised every hour by means of a winch, and the signal to raise is given by a bell which rings whenever the weight has fallen to a certain point. The term “weight or weights” is used because in bad weather, when the vessel is pitching and rolling, the weight needs to be increased, in order to overcome the extra friction in the guide, &c. Rape oil is used in the lamps, which, it is almost needless to say, are furnished with very powerful reflectors. We were next conducted to the room containing the apparatus for communicating with the shore at Walton, distant about 10 miles. Here there are three separate instruments - the telephone, the Morse dot-and-dash system, and the A B C method. By the courtesy of the gentleman in charge of the instrument:- whose name, unfortunately, we did not learn - we were introduced by means of the telephone to Mr. Lewis at Walton, with whom some of our party conversed amicably and easily for some minutes. The other systems were also clearly explained to us. Our courteous conductor next showed us the telegraph cable in the fore part of the vessel. It is revolved at turn of tide to prevent “turns” getting into the cable when the vessel swings. We now went on deck again, and after expressing our acknowledgments to the captain and to the electrician for their courtesy and kindness in allowing us to inspect the ship, we were soon once more aboard the “Neva.” During our telephonic conversation with Mr. Lewis, we arranged to make our introductions a personal one by going ashore at Walton, but the wind being straight down the Wallet, our skipper considered it more expedient to make the best of our way home. We therefore stood through the Gat and fetched Hollands Gap between Walton and Clacton, and then with a few short tacks, soon reached the mouth of the Colne. Here it began to rain a little, and the wind dropped off; so we shook out our reef, set a larger jib, and with a fair wind arrived at Donyland about 7 p.m., well-pleased and satisfied with our day’s sail. It should be recorded that though we had plenty of wind, and the tide made up rather an uncomfortable jump, none of our party suffered from mal de mer; though one, whose acquaintance with mash-tuns is infinitely superior to his knowledge of “main-sheets,” felt, as he said, “much better upstairs than down.” This, we pointed out, was anything but a nautical expression, but as his trips on the “briny” are not very frequent, he was excused.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD – Saturday 3 October 1885 - “EAST DONYLAND REGATTA – The annual Regatta at East Donyland took place on Thursday, under distinguished patronage. Mr. Edmund Round was a popular Commodore, and there was a capital Committee of yacht Captains and others, comprising Mr. W.C. Nunn (Vice-Chairman), Mr. H. Burton (an energetic and successful Secretary), Mr. G.N. Scrutton (Treasurer), Captains G., T., and H.B. Barnard, J. Brown, J., L., W., and G. Cranfield, J. Carter, C. and G. Cranmer, B. Dyer, T. Ennew, sen., and jun., B. Harris, T. Matthewman, W.D. Potter, and J. Scarf, and Messrs. H.R. Bartlett, R.H. Bucknall, Fairweather, Houston, R.T. Daniell, R. Pearson, W.F. Randall, A.S. Went.

The arrangements made for the Regatta were admirable; the Committee were enabled to give a thoroughly good programme. There was a very large attendance, although, perhaps, there were not quite so many people as on one or two former occasions. The Colchester Town Band, under the direction of Mr. A.H. Coveney, played a capital selection of music. Mr. Jas. Round. M.P., visited the Committee boat, during the afternoon, and had a most cordial reception, whilst on his leaving he was heartily cheered. Subjoined is a list of the events;

RACE FOR FISHING SMACKS (open) – This race, in which there was no time allowance, was started from H.M. Guardship at 9.40 am. and finished about high water at East Donyland, three prizes being offered, viz, £8, £5 and £3. Four smacks competed, viz, Neva, L. Cranfield; Elise, Southgate; Xanthe, W. Cranfield; Hildegarde, J. Simons. There was plenty of wind, and a capital race was the result. The Neva maintained her reputation for fastness, and won the first prize. It seems as if nothing can beat her. The boats were timed thus:- Neva, 1st prize, 3h. 30m; Elise, 2nd prize, 3hr. 40m. 30s; Xanthe, 3rd prize, 3hr. 40m; Hildegarde, 3hr. 54m.

Shovel race, three in a boat – 15s. Neva’s boat; 7s 6d. Pearson’s boat; third, Reindeer’s boat.

In the evening there was a capital display of fireworks by Messrs. Aggio and Son, of Colchester.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD – Saturday 10 October 1885 - “EAST DONYLAND – AN ABORTIVE RACE – As a sequel to the result of the smacks’ race in the recent Regatta, a challenge was thrown out on behalf of the “Elise” to sail the “Neva” for £10 a-side. The challenge was almost immediately accepted, and an agreement to sail on Monday, the 5th, was signed; but the match was stopped within a few hours of the appointed time to start, the reason being said to be of a trivial description. It was hoped that should another match be arranged, such an obstacle will not put a stop to what would be probably an exciting day’s racing.”

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD – Saturday 17 October 1885 - “WYVENHOE AND COLCHESTER REGATTA - This Regatta was fixed for last Tuesday, and was announced as under the distinguished patronage of Mr. James Jackson, Commodore… It is often asked why our Donyland and Wyvenhoe friends delay their regattas until so late in the season, when the weather is so precarious. But the explanation is, they have to consider the yacht captains, and the tide, and if held before the end of September, the yacht captains would not have reached home from their summer cruise. However this may be, it is certainly worthy of consideration whether another year they should be held so late. On the occasion of Rowhedge Regatta on the 1st October, the weather was fine, with the exception of a smart shower in the middle of the day and more rain at night; but last Tuesday the Wyvenhoe people were most unfortunate as regards the weather. It was a wretched day. A strong wind was blowing, and from about two o’clock the rain descended in torrents continuously throughout the afternoon and evening, of course with the result that the attendance was very much diminished, while it rendered necessary the postponement of some of the rowing and other matches. There was a splendid smack race, however, and another sailing and several rowing matches came off, but there could not have been much enjoyment either to the competitors or to the spectators, a good sprinkling of whom assembled on the river-side.

Sailing Match for Fishing Smacks under 20 tons B.M. (open): 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; 3rd, £3. The following smacks started:- Wonder, J. Carter, Wyvenhoe; Mary, G. Death, Wyvenhoe; Xanthe, W. Cranfield, Rowhedge; Neva, L. Cranfield, Rowhedge; Elise, J. Southgate, Rowhedge.

Considerable interest was centred in this principal race of the day, and it certainly proved a very interesting one. There was a strong wind blowing from N.N.W., and the boats mustered in the Colne about nine a.m., all with single reef and topsail housed….The course arranged was to start from the Guard Boat, round the Bar Buoy, down Eagle Deep, round Priory Spit Buoy, thence to the Wallett Spit Buoy, and into the Colne, rounding the mark boat off the Guard Ship, and out round the Bar Buoy, and thence home, finishing at the Committee Yacht. The distance of the course was about 26 miles but, with beating, the smacks would have to sail about 40 miles. The smacks were started at 10.15 a.m., in the order above given, the Elise being the last to cross the line being about a minute or so behind owing to her having to “wend” for fear of crossing the line before the expiration of the five minute interval after the first gun. All set their spinnakers for the run out, Wonder and Neva being the smartest. The Neva, which has hitherto maintained a premier position in these races, showed remarkable running power, running quickly under the lee of Xanthe and Mary. The first round at the mark-boat off the Guard-boat was timed as under:- Neva, 1hr. 6m. 45secs; Elise, 1hr. 8m. 10s; Mary, 1hr. 9m. 20s; Wonder, 1hr. 10m. 15s; Xanthe, 1hr. 14m. 18s. As regards the finish, the Neva came in the winner, but she was closely pressed by the Elise and Mary, who were but a very short time behind, and not a few present thought that, but for the unfortunate start of the Elise in the morning, the latter would have stood a good chance of taking first honours….The smacks were timed at the finish as follows:- Neva, 3hrs. 19m. 28s; Elise, 3hrs. 23m. 21s; Wonder, 3hrs. 35m. 50s; Xanthe, 3hrs. 48m. 5s. [Mary omitted]. All the boats gave evidence of having encountered very rough weather, and they were each loudly cheered as they came in, the band playing “See the Conquering Hero Comes”, as the Neva made her appearance.”

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 111

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.86 – 31.12.86

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Cruising for pleasure in the mouth of the Thames. Since October fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – Born Essex, no Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate, Same Ship – Continued, Remaining

Lemon Cranfield born 1841. Master

Jesse Cranfield born 1846. AB

Richard Cranfield born 1860. AB

Received at Colchester 21 January 1887. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

 

KELLY’S DIRECTORY – COLCHESTER LIBRARY

EAST DONYLAND - Lemon Cranfield listed as Smack Owner; 1882, 1886, 1890,1894, 1898, 1899, 1903.

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES, KEW – CREW LISTS; BT99/1550

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.87 – 30.6.87

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing & Cruising off the Coast of Essex”

All – Born Essex. No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate. Same Ship - Continued

Lemon Cranfield born 1841. Master. Remaining

Richard Cranfield born 1860. 2nd hand. Discharged 26.3.87 at Rowhedge

Jesse Cranfield born 1846. AB. Discharged 26.3.87 at Rowhedge

Didymus Cook born 1868. Boy. Remaining

Received at Colchester 21 July 1887. Signed Lemon Cranfield, master & Owner.

 

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES, KEW – CREW LISTS; BT99/1550

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.87 – 31.12.87

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge

Master; R. Wardley of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Cruising in the English Channel and Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – Born Essex. No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate. Remaining

Richard Wardley born 1844. Last served on DAWN – London. Joined present Ship; 15.10.87 at Rowhedge. Master

William Motts born 1841. Last served on ERYCINA. Joined present Ship; 15.10.87 at Rowhedge. 2nd hand

Richard Wardley born 1866. Last served on GENESTA. Joined present Ship; 15.10.87 at Rowhedge AB

Received at Colchester 21 January 1888. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Owner.

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 117

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.88 – 30.6.88

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex. Now laid up at Rowhedge”

All – Born Essex, no Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate, Same Ship – Continued

Lemon Cranfield born 1841. Master. Remaining

Richard Wardley born 1844. 2nd hand. Discharged 5.5.88 at Rowhedge

Richard Wardley born 1866. AB. Discharged 5.5.88 at Rowhedge

William Motts born 1841. AB. Discharged 5.5.88 at Rowhedge

Received at Colchester 21 July 1888. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 13 October 1888 - “WYVENHOE & COLCHESTER REGATTA – The Wyvenhoe and Colchester Regatta was held on Wednesday.... The weather was delightfully fine although the sun did not make its appearance, and the little town was rendered quite gay by the influx of visitors from Colchester and Brightlingsea and the surrounding parishes. The river was crowded with small craft, and the visitors, both on shore and on the water, seemed thoroughly to enjoy the day. The large number of craft of all sizes on the water rather impeded the progress of the races, but notwithstanding this slight drawback, some fine racing was witnessed, and a perfect regularity was observed and maintained throughout the day... Smacks’ race – Time allowance, one minute per ton. Competing boats to be bona fide fishing smacks in commission, not exceeding 20 tons B.M. No booming out or square sails allowed, and the crew, with Captain, not to exceed three. A trawl of not less than 20ft. beam to be carried on board. The vessels mustered off Mersea Stone, round Bar Buoy, Priory Spit, Wallet Spit, South West Bench Head Buoy, round Fishery Buoy, finishing at the Committee Boat. There was a light wind from the North West. – 1st, £6, Neva, 19 tons (sic), owner L.S. Cranfield, 3h.18m.45s; 2nd, £4, Mary, 17 tons, J, Husk, Wyvenhoe, 3h.22m.24s.”

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 117

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.88 – 31.12.88

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Laid up at Rowhedge till Oct. 1888. Since then fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – Born Essex, no Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate, Remaining

Lemon Cranfield born 1841. Same Ship – Continued. Master. Remaining

George H Cranfield born 1843. Last served on VOL-AU-VENT – London 1888. 2nd hand. Joined present Ship; 8.10.88 at Rowhedge

James Blackwell born 1836. Last served on FIONA – Portsmouth 1888. AB. Joined present Ship; 8.10.88 at Rowhedge

Charles Simons born 1853. Last served on YARANA – Glasgow. AB. Joined present Ship; 8.10.88 at Rowhedge

Received at Colchester 21st January 1889. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 5 October 1889 - “BRIGHTLINGSEA REGATTA – SUCCESSFUL DAY – This regatta took place very successfully on Monday….. RACE FOR SMACKS,  20 tons and under b.m., open to the Coast.

First prize £7, Second prize £5, Third prize £3, Fourth prize £2. Time allowance, a quarter of a minute per ton. The course was from the Valfreyia round the Colne Fishery Buoy, then round a mark off Bracelet Spit, leaving everything on the starboard hand. Four times round, finishing between the Valfreyia and the Committee Barge. About 24 miles in all. The following boats started:-

Neva (Rowhedge) L. Cranfield, 19 tons; Bertha (Tollesbury) W. Redgwell, 18 tons; Elsie (sic) (Wyvenhoe) J. Green, 18 tons; Maria (Wyvenhoe) J. Gunn, 18 tons; Irex (Brightlingsea) J. James, 18 tons; Snowdrop (Mersea) G. French, 12 tons; Clara (Rowhedge) W. Cranfield, 18 tons.

The Neva got the best start at 11.30, followed closely by the Elsie; whilst the Clara spoilt her start by getting too soon over the line, and in consequence of that she lost fully two minutes. In the first round the following was the order of the boats; Bertha 1hr. 45m. 40s, Irex 1hr. 47m. 30s, Snowdrop 1hr. 48m. 0s, Maria 1hr. 49m. 0s, Neva 1hr. 50m. 30s, Elsie 1hr. 51m. 0s

Second Round - Bertha 1hr. 55m. 0s. The other times were not taken

Final Round - 1st Bertha 5hr. 4m. 10s, 2nd Irex 5hr. 11m. 3s, 3rd Clara 5hr. 12m. 43s, 4th Snowdrop 5hr. 15m. 45s.

Seeing her position was hopeless, the Neva gave up when near the end of the race. It is somewhat remarkable that the Bertha – the winning boat – took fire about a year ago, and was burnt to the water’s edge. The remains were towed ashore, and the splendid craft which made such capital sailing on Monday was built upon her foundations.”

ALSO; “COLCHESTER & WYVENHOE REGATTA – This event came off on Tuesday last….The river during the day swarmed with boats, each of which were more or less festooned for the occasion, and the scene at times was most picturesque…

SMACKS’ RACE – In this race there were six competitors for four prizes of £8, £6, £4 and £2 respectively. The conditions of the race were that the boats should be bona fide fishing smacks, in commission, not exceeding 20 tons, B.M. The race to be sailed in fishing trim, and no ballast whatever allowed. A trawl of not less than 20ft beam to be carried on deck, whilst the crew (including captain) not to exceed three. Course: Starting between the steam yacht Valfreyia (off Brightlingsea) and Mersea Stone, leaving the Bar Buoy on the port hand, and the Priory Spritway (sic) Buoy on the starboard, the Knowl (sic) Buoy on the port hand, the Bench-head Buoy on the starboard, round the Valfreyia and Fishery Buoy, leaving both on the port hand, and up to the Committee Boat at Wyvenhoe, a distance of about 24 miles.

The following started, and on rounding the Bar Buoy were timed:- Neva 19 tons, L. Cranfield 1hr. 33m. 40s; Clara 18 tons W. Cranfield 1hr. 34m. 10s; Maria 18 tons J. Gunn 1hr. 34m. 14s; Elise 18 tons Jas. Green 1hr. 34m. 25s; Bertha 18 tons W. Ridgwell 1hr. 34m. 34s; Irex 18 tons W. James 1hr. 34m. 52s.

The Neva was leading at the Priory Spitway, Clara being a good second, Maria third, and Elise fourth, followed by Bertha and Irex. At the Spitway Buoy the same order was maintained, but at the Bench-head Buoy Bertha passed Elise. On coming to windward, the Clara and the Bertha passed the Neva, and in rounding the Valfreyia the Neva fouled the Mark Buoy, and coming up the Clara and Bertha ran out side by side to the Colne Fishery Buoy, which they rounded both together, but in beating up Clara took first place, the following being the order of the boats at the finish:-

1st Clara 2hr. 52m. 35s, 2nd Bertha 2hr. 57m. 31s,  3rd Maria 3hr. 0m. 20s, 4th Elise 3hr. 14m. 21s.”

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 121

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.90 – 30.6.90

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

 “Fishing off the Coast of Essex. Now laid up at Rowhedge since 1890”

Lemon Cranfield born 1841 Essex. “Same Ship – Continued”. Master. Remaining

George H. Cranfield born 1843 Essex. 2nd hand. Discharged 7.3.90 at Rowhedge

George H. Cranfield born 1866 Essex. AB. Discharged 7.3.90 at Rowhedge

John Birch born 1873 Essex. Lad. Discharged 7.3.90 at Rowhedge

All – No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 21 July 1890. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 121

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.90 – 31.12.90

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 9

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

 “Laid up at Rowhedge till Sep. 1890. Since then Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

Lemon Cranfield born 1841 Essex. “Same Ship – Continued”. Master. Remaining

George Cranfield born 1843 Essex. Last served on VOL-AU-VENT of London. Year of Service in last Ship; 1890. Joined present Ship; 25.9.90 at Rowhedge. 2nd hand. Remaining

George Cranfield born 1866 Essex. Last served on WALRUS of Southampton. Year of Service in last Ship; 1890. Joined present Ship; 25.9.90 at Rowhedge. AB. Remaining

William Everitt born 1873 Essex. Last served on VOL-AU-VENT. Year of Service in last Ship; 1890. Joined present Ship; 25.9.90 at Rowhedge. OS. Remaining

Jonathan Cranfield born 1873 Essex. Last served on HAREBELL of London. Year of Service in last Ship; 1890. Joined present Ship; 25.9.90 at Rowhedge. OS. Remaining

All – No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Received at Colchester 21 January 1891. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 27 September 1890 - “BRIGHTLINGSEA REGATTA - With a strong sou’wester blowing, this attractive aquatic fixture was brought off most successfully on Monday. The estuary of the Colne was crowded with craft of all sorts and sizes, and as each appeared to vie with one another in the competition for the best decked out boat, the scene was one not to be forgotten. The creek was filled with yachts, and amongst those lying at anchor were the Valfreyia (tonnage 750), owner, Mr. Bayard Brown; the Semiramis (704 tons), owned by Mr. Lysaght; Lorna (80 tons), Mr. S. Morley; Creole (40), Colonel Bagot; Beatrix (120), Mr. Coxhead; Cornubia (70), Mr. George Plater; Decima (10); Excelsior; Rose Neath (200); Thalatta (106), Mr. F.C. Capel; Gertrude (80), Mr. T. Hall; Falcon (40); Mary (27); Otterhound (60); Vol-au-Vent (102); Latois, (20);Samphire (40); Watersprite; Seaweed (20); Wild Wave; Foxhound; Sorcerer (30); Peri; Brilliant (20); Rowena (60); Ildergonda (15); Day; Fleur de Lys; Amelia; Zolande; Neptune; Triton; and Dianthus.

Hundreds of spectators, many of them Colchester excursionists, witnessed the sports from the Hard; whilst the band of the 2nd Volunteer Battalion Essex Regiment discoursed a capital selection of music.

The sailing contests were started from the deck of the smack Aid, and stationed near the Valfreyia.

RACE FOR SMACKS (20 tons and under), open to the coast - First prize £7, second £5, third £3, fourth £2; only four sails allowed, namely, mainsail, foresail, jib, and topsail. No booming out or lead ballast allowed. Five to start or no race. Time allowance a quarter of a minute per ton. Course; Start from a line between the Valfreyia and the Committee boat, down round the Bar buoy, thence round the Priory Spit and the Gas Buoy on the Knowle, round Outer Reach Head, up Colne, round the Bracelet Spit Buoy, and out again, twice round, a total distance of about 20 miles. The following smacks entered:-

Bertha, owner W. Ridgwell, 18 tons; Kingfisher, A. Ridgwell, 18; Magnolia, R. Kerridge, 18; Clara, W. Cranfield, 18; Neva, L. Cranfield, 19; Irex, J. James, 18; Ethel, F. Hasted, 16.

Ethel retired, there being too much wind. The start took place at 11.30. The Magnolia and Neva went over the line before gunfire, and had to return and make a fresh start, thus causing them a delay of two minutes. Of the other four vessels, the Clara was first away, followed closely by the Irex, Bertha, and Kingfisher. The Magnolia gave up after the first round, and a splendid race resulted as follows:- 1. Bertha, 4h.11m.22s; 2. Clara, 4h.14m.0s; 3. Neva, 4h.13m.52s; 4. Irex, 4h.30m.0s. The Clara took the second prize on time allowance.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 11 October 1890 - “WYVENHOE REGATTA – A SUCCESSFUL DAY – The Wyvenhoe Regatta, which has become very popular as an annual aquatic fixture, came off on Monday. The weather was very favourable in the morning, but assumed a very threatening appearance in the afternoon, but, happily, no rain fell, and owing to this and to the wind being in a capital quarter, the Regatta proved one of the most successful yet held. The Great Eastern Railway Company arranged for special trains from Colchester, which were well patronised by pleasure seekers. The banks of the Colne presented an animated appearance. On the Rowhedge side a large number of pleasure yachts had been very elaborately decorated with flags and bunting, and the enormous crowd of spectators combined to make the affair a scene of unwonted animation. The Colchester Town Band, conducted by Bandmaster A.H. Coveney, played several selections on the quay during the afternoon. A favourable breeze for sailing blew from the W.S.W., and some of the competitions were exceedingly smart, and excited great interest. The races were started from the Committee boat “Mystic” (owned by James Heath), which was moored opposite the quay on the Rowhedge side of the river. SMACK RACE: 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; 3rd, £3. Time allowance, one minute per ton. Three to start or no race. Four to start or no third prize. Entrance fee, 4s. Competing boats to be bona fide fishing smacks, &c. The competitors failed to reach the starting point while there was sufficient water, and in consequence the race did not come off. The following entered:- Neva (L. Cranfield), 19tons; Clara (W. Cranfield), 18; Hildegarde (Jas. Simons), 18.

A MATCH FOR OPEN SAILING BOATS not exceeding 24 feet in length…time allowance, half-minute per foot.

A start was effected at 2.9.25secs. Winner: Vol-au-Vent (L. Cranfield) in 3hrs, 56m,47s, nearly ten minutes ahead of second place.

A capital display of fireworks by Mr. Aggio, of Colchester, brought a most enjoyable day to a close.”

 

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 123

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.1.91 – 30.6.91

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 10

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Lemon Cranfield born 1841 Essex. “Same Ship – Continued”. Master. Remaining

George Cranfield senr born 1843 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. 2nd hand. Discharged 28.2.91 at Rowhedge

George Cranfield junr born 1866 Essex. Same Ship – Continued. AB. Discharged 28.2.91 at Rowhedge

William Everitt born 1873 Essex. AB. Discharged 20.5.91 at Rowhedge

William Aldridge born 1837 Essex. AB. Remaining

Received at Colchester 20 July 1891. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

ESSEX RECORD OFFICE – CREW LISTS; A4743 Box 123

Port of Colchester

NEVA of Colchester. 1.7.91 – 31.12.91

Fishing Number; 86CK. Registered Tonnage; 10

Managing Owner & Master; L. Cranfield of Rowhedge. No Certificate

“Fishing off the Coast of Essex”

All – No Royal Naval Volunteer’s Certificate

Lemon Cranfield born 1841 Essex. “Same Ship – Continued”. Master. Remaining

James Watson born 1852 Essex. Last served on GENESTA – London. 2nd hand. Remaining

William Owers born 1858 Essex. Last served on EUDORA – London. AB. Remaining

William Fisk born 1846 Essex. Last served on GENESTA – London. AB. Remaining

William Aldridge born 1837 Essex. “Same Ship – Continued”. Discharged 31.10.91 at Rowhedge

Received at Colchester 29 January 1892. Signed Lemon Cranfield, Master & Owner.

 

THE ESSEX STANDARD - Saturday 10 October 1891 - “WYVENHOE & EAST DONYLAND REGATTA - Wyvenhoe was at its liveliest on Thursday, Oct.8, it being the day set apart for the annual regatta. This event always draws large crowds, and in this respect the regatta this year was a pronounced success, beating all former records. Favoured with beautiful weather the people flocked in large crowds from the surrounding district, many hundreds coming from Colchester, and the river on each side and the boats on the mud were crowded with spectators. The scene was one of much animation, and the strings of flags of all nations, with which many of the different crafts were decorated, made the river look very picturesque.”

The Colchester Town Band performed and “a brilliant display of fireworks of unusual splendour was carried out by Messrs. Aggio & Sons of Colchester, the chief of which was a set-piece representing a naval battle with models of ironclads and gunboats. The proceedings were carried out in a most successful and interesting manner by the following officers; (including Committee members) W. Cranfield, L. Cranfield, R. Pearson etc.”

“RACE FOR SMACKS – 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; 3rd, £3. The allowance, one minute per ton. Competing boats to be bona fide fishing smacks in commission, not exceeding 20 tons. Entries; Elise, 18 tons (Mr. J. Green); Bertha, 18 tons (Mr. Ridgewell); Neva, 18 tons (Mr. L. Cranfield). The boats started at 10am. And passed the Bar Buoy as follows: Bertha, Elise, Neva. This position was maintained by the Priory Spit, but at the finish the Neva came in first, Bertha being second, and Elise third. The wind was S.W, and slightly variable. The Elise carried away her top-mast at Alresford Bridge.

SINGLE-HANDED MATCH FOR YACHT’S DINGHYS FOR ENGINEERS AND CAPTAINS – 1st, Mr. J. Carter £1; 2nd, Mr. Jno Carter 10s; 3rd, Mr. L. Cranfield 5s.”

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 15 October 1892 - “WYVENHOE & ROWHEDGE REGATTA – Unlike their neighbours at Brightlingsea, the inhabitants of Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge were fortunate in being favoured with real regatta weather on the event of their annual aquatic sports which came off on Tuesday, and the result was an unqualified success. Race for smacks:- 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; 3rd, £3. Conditions: Competing boats to be bona fide fishing smacks in commission, not exceeding 21 tons B.M. Race is to be sailed in fishing trim, with number painted on mainsail. No lead ballast whatever allowed. No ballast above hold ceiling. No booming out or square sails allowed. A trawl of not less than 20ft beam to be carried on deck. There were three entries – Four Sisters, (19.24 tons); Neva (18.97 tons); Elise (17.66 tons).

The Neva quickly drew ahead, and rounded the Bar buoy 25 seconds ahead of the Elise, and increased the distance at the Spit Way. At the North Buxey the times were: Neva 12. 58. 16, Elise 12. 59. 59. The smacks finished as follows:- Neva 3hrs. 21m. 25s; Elise 3hrs. 24m. 26s.”

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 3 October 1893 - “REGATTA – The annual joint Regatta for Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge, held alternately at Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge, came off with considerable éclat at Wyvenhoe on Tuesday, Oct. 3. The promoters of the Regatta were favoured with real Regatta weather, and the Quay and the boats lying up were crowded with spectators, while the river was quite alive with small craft darting hither and thither. The yachts in the Colne were gay with bunting and flags of all descriptions, and swings, Punch and Judy shows, itinerant whelk stalls, and all such necessary features of a Regatta were well in evidence, and did a roaring trade….

RACE FOR SMACKS:- 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; £rd, £3. Time allowance half-minute per ton. The entries were Neva, 19 tons, owner Mr. Lemon Cranfield; Elise, 18 tons, Mr. Jas. Green. The boats crossed the line together 49 secs. late. The Elise led for a short distance, but the Neva drew up and passed her at the Bar Buoy, and finally won in 2hrs. 49mins. and 30secs, the Elise reaching home at 2hrs. 58mins. 10secs. The course was from a starting point off Mersea Stone, out round the Bar Buoy, thence to the North Buoy round Knowl Buoy, and up to the Committee boat at Wyvenhoe.”

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES – RETURNS FOR FISHING BOATS; BT145/1

 

Under the Sea Fisheries Act of 1893 all fishing vessels had to be lettered (CK for Colchester) and numbered. The "NEVA”, owned by Lemon Cranfield,  was registered as 86CK.

 

Name of vessel; NEVA

Date of registry; 20.10.84.

Register No. under Sea Fisheries Act; 86.

Class; II (two).

Official number; None.

Date of endorsement; 18.11.1893.

Net tonnage; 2nd class, 10 tons.

Nature of employment; D.N.

Men & boys required to work boat; 3.

"Nature of employment"; N= Fishing with nets. D= Dredging for oysters. T= All trawling except for shrimps. L = Fishing with lines. S = Fishing for shrimps. C = Cockling. M = Musselling. W = Whelking. O = Other fisheries. Nil = Unemployed. Unk = Unknown.

 

The "NEVA" had to have its registration endorsed annually;

18.11.93 – 10 tons. DN. 3

17.12.94 – 10 tons. NT. 3

31.12.95 – 10 tons. TN. 3

23.12.96 – 10 tons. T&D. 3

8.10.97 – 10 tons. T&D. 3

23.12.98 – 10 tons. N. 3

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES – BT145/12

Register Number as a Sea Fishing Boat; 86. NEVA. Class; 2. Date of Registry; 20.10.84. Register &

Folio; 1.-244. Date of endorsement;

13.1.00 For 1899 – 10 tons. T&N. 3

16.1.01 For 1900 -  10 tons. T. 2

25.1.02 For 1901 – 10 tons. T. 3

2.1.03 For 1902 – 10 tons. T. 3

29.12.03 – 10 tons. T. 3

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES – BT145/23

Register Number as a Sea Fishing Boat; 86. NEVA. Class; 2. Date of Registry; (20.10.84 crossed out)

30-5-07. Register & Folio; (1.-244 crossed out) 4.-59. Date of endorsement;

31.12.04 – 10 tons. T. 3C

23.12.05 – 10 tons. T. C/3

8/12 [1906] – 10 tons. T. 3

30/5 [1907] – 14.87 tons. DT. 3

19/11 [1908] – 14.87 tons. DT. 3

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES – BT145/33

Register Number as a Sea Fishing Boat; 86. NEVA. Class; 2. Date of Registry; (30-5-09 crossed out)

18.10.11. Register & Folio; 4.-59. Date of endorsement;

6/11 [1909] – 14.87 tons. DT. 4

22/11 [1910] – 14.87 tons. O. T. 4

23/10 [1911] – 14.87 tons. D.T.N. 3

14/12 [1912] – 14.87 tons. D.T.N. 3

28/11 [1913] – 14.87 tons. D.T.N. 3

 

NATIONAL ARCHIVES – BT145/57

Register Number as a Sea Fishing Boat; 86. NEVA. Class; 2. Date of Registry; 18.10.11. Register &

Folio; 4.59.

“14.4.19 Transferred to Harwich”

Date of endorsement;

30/12/14 – 14.87 tons. N. C/4

17/12 [1915] – 14.87 tons. Unemployed

29.12 [1916] – 14.87 tons. Nil

24.12 [1917] – 14.87 tons. N3

30/12/18 – 14.87. Nil.

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD - Saturday 22 September 1894 - “ROWHEDGE & WYVENHOE REGATTA - The regatta annually held between the villages of Rowhedge & Wyvenhoe was held at Rowhedge on Thursday, and proved a most successful affair. The event was under the distinguished patronage of the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York, both of whom contributed to the prize list. The weather was not all that could have been desired, being decidedly squally at times, but nevertheless, as the day progressed, large numbers of people congregated on both banks of the river, and witnessed some capital racing. The first smack racers started from Mersea Stone at 10am and the racing lasted until the late afternoon. In the smack races the boats were very keen and the finishes good. The craft were admirably handled, and it is an encouraging sign that the entries were much better than in previous years. The galley races were skilfully fought out, and in each instance the finish was exciting. Of the other events it can only be said that they were all well contested, and provided some capital sport…. The various craft in the river were gaily decorated with streamers, and the houses near the river banks were, in many cases, similarly adorned. During the afternoon the Wyvenhoe Brass Band performed a capital selection of music, the effect of which, however, was somewhat marred by the sounds proceeding from a “merry-go-round” organ, which was stationed in close proximity. A band of ------ Minstrels did good business, travelling from one part of the river to the other in a nondescript-looking craft, fearfully and wonderfully rigged and painted, and, upon occasion, ditto handled. Results of the racing-

RACE FOR SMACKS- In commission, not exceeding 25 tons. Time allowance, half minute per ton. This race started from Mersea Stone at 10 o’clock, the Committee being on board the s.s.Wyvern, after breakfasting at the Royal Hotel, Brightlingsea…. There were five entries, and a very good start was made, the whole of the boats being over the line within a few seconds of gun fire. Neva at once took the lead, and there was almost a dead run to the Bar Buoy, where the time was; Neva 10h 49m 54, Ada 10h 50m 18, Wonder 10h 50m 45, Dewdrop 10h 50m 53, Lily 10h 52m 20. [Jonathan Cranfield]

From the Bar Buoy to the Priory Spit Buoy it was a close haul, but all fetched easily, and rounded in the same order, and they came on a reach for the Spitway Buoy, the last three making a splendid race. On the reach to this buoy, the Wonder took in topsail through an accident to her gear. From the Spitway Buoy to the Bench Head was an easy fetch, and from there up to Rowhedge the craft had to turn to windward, where they arrived-

Neva 1h 47m 23s, Wonder 1h 57m 10s, Ada 1h 59m 37s, Lily 2h 09ms, Dewdrop 2h 3m 34s.

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD - Saturday 3 October 1896 - “ANNUAL REGATTA AT ROWHEDGE- A SUCCESSFUL DAY - The annual Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge regatta, held alternately at either place, came off with considerable success at Rowhedge on Tuesday, in fine but somewhat cold weather. The picturesque little township presented from the river a very attractive appearance, many of the houses being liberally bedecked with bunting, while close to the river a merry-go-round and attendant attractions were in full swing, and the large gathering on the banks presented a more than usually animated and ever-changing scene. Many of the river craft also flew bunting, and the Committee boat, the Sarah, lent by Capt. William Mason, of Wyvenhoe, moored on the Wyvenhoe side, was gay with strings of flags. During the regatta, the Wyvenhoe Town band, under Mr. F.J. Lax, performed a capital selection of music from an impromptu band-stand on the river bank and contributed materially to the enjoyment of the proceedings. The programme of the regatta was a lengthy and varied one, and provided some good sport, while the various officials worked extremely hard to ensure the success of the regatta.

The first races for smacks and yachts were started during the morning from Mersea Stone, the officials and friends proceeding to Brightlingsea by the early train and partaking of a sumptuous breakfast at the invitation of the Commodore at the Royal Hotel before embarking on the steam launch Wyvern (owned by Mr. James Powell). The guests of the Commodore who accompanied the party…… and the members of the Sailing Committee present were….. Captain W. Cranfield. The Wyvern proceeded to Mersea Stone after breakfast to start the big races, and followed them round the course, arriving at Rowhedge when the regatta was in full swing. Appended are details of the racing:- RACE FOR SMACKS- 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; 3rd £3. Time allowance, half a minute per ton. Conditions; Competing boats to be bona fide fishing smacks in commission, not exceeding 25 tons. Race to be sailed in fishing trim, with number painted on mainsail. No lead ballast whatever allowed. No ballast above hold ceiling. No booming out or square sails allowed. A trawl of not less than 20ft beam to be carried on deck. There were four entries, viz. Neva (L. Cranfield), Clara (W. Cranfield), Hildegard (W. Simons), and Ellen (Z. Birch). The course was from Mersea Stone between a line drawn from flag-staff on shore, round the bar Buoy, leaving it on the port hand, round Priory Spit Buoy and Wallet Buoy, to North-West Knoll, in round the Valfreyia, and out round the Bench-head Buoy, finishing at Rowhedge. All marks to be left on starboard hand. Neva crossed the line first at 10.30, in a light SW wind, and there was nearly a dead heat out of the bar Buoy, which was rounded as under:- Neva 11h 44m 40s, Clara 11h 47m 30s, Ellen 11h 54m 35s, Hildegard not timed. It was a close reach to the Spitway, which was passed in the same order, the times here being:- Neva 12h 31m 10s, Clara 12h 33m 0s, Ellen 12h 46m 0s.

At the end of the first round, passing the Valfreyia, the Neva had increased her lead, the times being:- Neva 2h 21m 10s, Clara 2h 24m 6s.

The finish was as follows:- Neva 3h 34m 10s, Clara 3h 37m 42s, Ellen 4h 5m 57s, Hildegard 4h 14m 23s.”

[The Ellen was bought by Richard John Cranfield a few years later]

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD - Saturday 24 September 1898 - “WYVENHOE AND ROWHEDGE REGATTA – ANOTHER SUCCESSFUL DAY – The annual Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge Regatta- held alternately at each place- came off on Thursday Sept.22, at Rowhedge, in brilliant weather, and under entirely favourable conditions. Several of the craft in the river were gaily decorated with bunting, and the train from Colchester brought a goodly number of spectators, who crowded the banks throughout the afternoon. The Wyvenhoe Town Band, under Mr. F.J. Lax, played selections of music on shore, and a capital programme of sport was provided for the patrons of the fixture. The general arrangements left little to be desired, the events being got off with much greater promptitude and order than at some former regattas, but the management might still with benefit devote some attention to the keeping clear of the course, the instructions to competitors, and other minor details. The regatta was under the distinguished patronage of their Royal Highnesses the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York……….. FRIDAY’S RACES – Yesterday (Friday) a further programme of smack and yacht races was gone through, to enable vessels to compete which had taken part in Thursday’s regatta at Brightlingsea.

RACE FOR SMACKS (OPEN TO ALL ENGLAND) – 1st prize, £8; 2nd, £5; 3rd, £3. The competing boats mustered off Mersea Stone at 10am.”

2 entries. “Elise, Mr. James Grant, Neva, Mr. L. Cranfield. The start was made at 11am, and the course was from Mersea Stone to the Bar Buoy, leaving on the port hand; thence to Priory Spit Buoy, leaving it on the starboard hand; and the Wallet Spitway Buoy, leaving it on the starboard. From here the course was up to the North Buxey Buoy, leaving it on the starboard hand, returning by the Gas Buoy at the Knowle into Colne, finishing at Rowhedge. The Elise was first over the line at 11 o’clock. Neva following 15 seconds later. The race was a splendid one throughout, and the vessels finished as under; Neva 3h 21m 47s. Elise 3h 24m 21s. 

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 6 October 1900 - “WYVENHOE AND ROWHEDGE REGATTA AT ROWHEDGE” – Monday, October 1st.

“Open race for smacks – 1.Neva, L. Cranfield 2.Wonder, J. Carter.”

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 3 October 1903 - “WYVENHOE AND ROWHEDGE REGATTA – A SUCCESSFUL DAY’S SPORT – The Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge Regatta took place in very fine weather at Wyvenhoe, on Monday, and passed off most successfully… The town was gay with bunting, and the yachts and smacks lying in the river made a brilliant show of pennants and streamers. A nice sailing breeze was blowing… Results;

A race for smacks - Time allowance one minute per ton. Competing boats to be bona-fide fishing smacks in commission, not exceeding 30 tons B.M. Start to be made from Committee Boat lying off Mersea Stone, finishing at Wyvenhoe. Result:- Neva 3h 5m 33s, Xanthe 3h 12m 55s, Elsie 3h 14m 15s.”

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 17 September 1904 - “ROWHEDGE AND WYVENHOE REGATTA – The twelfth annual regatta of Rowhedge and Wyvenhoe was held on Thursday, September 15, in dull but dry weather, and from an aquatic as well as the sightseeing point of view, the affair was a pronounced success.

Race for fishing smacks – The boats entered were the “Sunbeam”, a boat of 18 tons belonging to Mr. W.W. Cranfield, the “Xanthe”, 17 tons the property of Mr. W. Cranfield, and the “Neva”, 14 tons, Mr. L. Cranfield. The racing could not be called fast, as the times given below will show, and the slow progress was due to the very light breeze which prevailed throughout the whole time.

Results:- Race for smacks not exceeding 30 tons, 1st Prize, £6; 2nd, £4; 3rd, £2; 4th, £1. Three entries – 1. Neva, 14 tons (L. Cranfield), time 4hrs. 12m. 15s. 2. Sunbeam, 18 tons (W.W. Cranfield), time 4hrs. 20m. 30s. 3. Xanthe, 17 tons (W. Cranfield), time 4hrs. 40 minutes.”

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 23 September 1905 - “WYVENHOE AND ROWHEDGE REGATTA – ANOTHER  SUCCESSFUL  EVENT - This annual event, which takes place alternately at Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge, was held at Wyvenhoe on Thursday, September 21, the day being an ideal one as far as the spectators were concerned, but scarcely any breeze prevailing for the sailing events. The yachts on the river wall presented a very gay appearance, being decorated with a grand array of flags, while the river was also packed with craft of all descriptions from the old smack boat to the up-to-date steam launch. The crowd which witnessed the racing on the Wyvenhoe side of the river was the largest assembled for many years… The entries were about the average. The smack race produced a close finish…. The regatta concluded at 7.15 p.m. with a brilliant display of fireworks…

Smack race:- From Mersea Stone to Wyvenhoe – 1. Sunbeam (W.W. Cranfield), 2. Neva (L. Cranfield). 57 seconds between first and second. Ellen (R. Cranfield) did not finish.”

 

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 29 September 1906 - “WYVENHOE AND ROWHEDGE REGATTA – A POPULAR ANNUAL EVENT – Taking place alternately at Wyvenhoe and Rowhedge, this annual event was held at Rowhedge on Tuesday, September 25, the day being an ideal one for the spectators, but towards the afternoon scarcely any breeze prevailed for the sailing events, some of the craft being unable to finish……. Exceptional interest was this year taken in the Smack race, which was sailed in fishing trim. The start for this craft was made off Mersea Stone….. The regatta concluded at 7.15 pm, with a capital display of fireworks by Mr. Paul Aggio, of Colchester. During the evening the prizes were distributed at the Committee Room, the Ship Hotel, Rowhedge.”

“Handicap race for smacks. Starting at Mersea Stone, - 1. Neva (L. Cranfield) 4hrs. 50s. 2. Ellen (R. Cranfield) 4hrs. 15m. 40s. 3. Maria (J. Gunn) 4hrs. 17m. 45s. 4. Elise (J. Green) 4hrs. 16m. 55s.”

THE ESSEX COUNTY STANDARD – Saturday 3 October 1908 - “ROWHEDGE AND WYVENHOE REGATTA – This event took place on Thursday, and the committee are to be congratulated on an unqualified success and a record attendance…. Unfortunately there was only a moderate breeze, so that times in the sailing events were slow… In the smacks’ race the Sunbeam (Captain L. Cranfield) finished two or three minutes ahead of Captain J. Cranfield’s Neva, which received 1½ minutes’ allowance. The victor ran aground whilst the band played “The Conquering Hero”. Results:- Handicap race for smacks – 1. Sunbeam (L. Cranfield) 2. Neva (John Cranfield 3. My Alice (F. Stokes).”

Interesting that Sunbeam is “owned” by Lemon instead of William Wadley Cranfield.  Neva was, by this time, owned by Jonathan “Jack/Pups” Cranfield.

 

 

L to R; Capt WWC Sunbeam CK328, Capt Lem